Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-75

Prevalence and risk correlates of hypertension among adult rural population in Bihar

1 Department of Community Medicine, KPC Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine & J. N. M. Hospital, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Kalyani, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Katihar Medical College, Katihar, Bihar, India
4 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, India

Correspondence Address:
Ayan Ghosh
Department of Community Medicine, KPC Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: There are no potential, perceived, or real competing and/or conflicts of interest among authors regarding the article and therefore have nothing to declare.

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.115209

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Background: Cardiovascular diseases will be prime cause of morbidity by 2020 in India. Objective: To determine prevalence and correlates of hypertension in an adult rural community. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the field practice area of the Department of Community Medicine of tertiary care teaching institute of Bihar among adult population to find out the prevalence of hypertension with the sociodemographic correlates from October 2009 to September 2010. A pretested predesigned questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographics data by interview technique from 997 study participants. The blood pressure was assessed and classified using recent JNC 7 and WHO criteria to grade hypertension. Results: Majority of the study participants were Muslims (89%) and in 40-49 age group (21.26%). In males and females, the overweight and obese combined were, respectively, 13%. In the dietary habit, 85.36% were non-vegetarian; 8.83% consumed salt more than 10 grams per day; 26.78% reported themselves as alcoholics; tobacco smokers were 58.28%, highest in 40-49 age group (23.58%). Overall, 11.43% were hypertensive and 16% were prehypertensive. Among hypertensive, majority were male (61%); and in 60-69 age group (27.27%), overweight and obese (56.14%), smokers (75.44%), non-vegetarian (67.54%). There was a significant linear trend between age and salt intake with prevalence of hypertension (P<0.0001). Conclusions: Hypertension in the rural population of Bihar was lower than previous estimates.

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