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LETTER TO THE EDITOR  
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 400-401
Rat bite: Analysis of 345 cases


1 RVT Medical Center, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Hainan Medical University, Hainan, China

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Date of Web Publication14-Nov-2016
 

How to cite this article:
Sriwijittalai W, Wiwanitkit V. Rat bite: Analysis of 345 cases. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2016;9:400-1

How to cite this URL:
Sriwijittalai W, Wiwanitkit V. Rat bite: Analysis of 345 cases. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2016 [cited 2017 Sep 19];9:400-1. Available from: http://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2016/9/6/400/193932
Dear Sir,

Rabies is an important tropical disease caused by rabid animal bite. In general, cat and dog are the two main problematic causative animals.[1],[2] It is no doubt that canine and feline rabies become the well-known situation for general people in the tropical world. Nevertheless, there are also many other rabid animals. The rat is another important dirty problematic animal. It can be the carrier of several infectious diseases and can also cause rabies. Indeed, murine rabies is little mentioned. In this short article, the authors summarize on the epidemiology of the rat bite cases visiting to the physician at a medical center in a 5-year period (2011–2015). In the period, there are 345 cases of rat bites (275 females and 70 males; 300 adults, 91.3% and 45 children, 8.7%). Most incidences occur at night (276 cases, 80%). Almost all cases got bitten at home (310 cases, 89.6%). All cases saw the rats and the activities during being bitten are various [Table 1]. The bitten sites are at lower extremities (260 cases, 75.4%) followed by upper extremities (70 cases, 20.3%) and face (15 cases; 4.3%). All cases got standard wound care, tetanus, and rabies prevention. Of interest, it can be seen that rat bite can occur elsewhere during any activities including to swimming. The incidence is usually at night, and the limb is the common bitten site, which is concordant with the previous referencing publication by Seijo et al.[3]
Table 1: Activities during being bitten

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   References Top

1.
Bregman B, Slavinski S. Using emergency department data to conduct dog and animal bite surveillance in New York City, 2003-2006. Public Health Rep 2012;127:195-201.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Osaghae DO. Animal and human bites in children. West Afr J Med 2011;30:421-4.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Seijo A, Monroig J, Romer C, Coto H. Clinical and epidemiological analysis of rat bites in Buenos Aires. Medicina (B Aires) 2009;69:259-64.  Back to cited text no. 3
    

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Correspondence Address:
Won Sriwijittalai
RVT Medical Center, Bangkok
Thailand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.193932

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