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Table of Contents   
CASE REPORT  
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 251-259
Increasing lung capacity and cardiovascular ability by Mosesahi gymnastics in Gorontalo State University students


Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, State University of Gorontalo, Gorontalo, Indonesia

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Web Publication5-May-2017
 

   Abstract 

Cardiovascular corroborate and salutary can be done by adolescents through physical exercises or gymnastics regularly. Aerobic exercise is included in the physical exercise type. If someone does aerobics regularly, it influences the body's health because aerobics is an exercise that needs oxygen to form its energy persistently and rhythmically. It's assumed that the person who does several activities and be able to follow the movements combination that being systematically has good lungs, heart, and blood vessel. Furthermore, to cope with problem of low capacity of lungs and low cardiovascular ability of the students, the solution is by doing MOSESAHI (Abbreviation: Mo'o Sehati, Mo'o Sanangi Hilaw: make people health, happy and cheerful).
This paper employed factorial program experimental, with a sample 72 students of the State University of Gorontalo. Data analysis used the statistical test analysis of variance. The result concludes that the changing of lung capacity and cardiovascular ability caused by Mosesahi gymnastic exercise done twice a week for 20 min with an intensity of 60%, 70%, and 80% is better than once and three times a week. By exercising three times a week with thirty minutes and 60%, 70%, 80% of intensity, the increasing is better than thirty minutes with frequency once and three times a week as well as in frequency three times a week with forty minutes duration, regularly 80% intensity, the increasing is better than at frequency once or twice a week

Keywords: Cardiovascular, lung capacity, Mosesahi gymnastics

How to cite this article:
Pomatahu AR. Increasing lung capacity and cardiovascular ability by Mosesahi gymnastics in Gorontalo State University students. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:251-9

How to cite this URL:
Pomatahu AR. Increasing lung capacity and cardiovascular ability by Mosesahi gymnastics in Gorontalo State University students. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Sep 19];10:251-9. Available from: http://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2017/10/1/251/205533

   Introduction Top


Nearly 29% of the world's population consists of adolescents and 80% among them live in developing countries. As increasingly the adolescent, then it gives consequence to attention changes which is bigger in adolescent group as the result of unhealthy life style, and able to give bad impact to the health status. The changing of living style that under productive cause physical activities in term of gymnastics become decreasing in adolescent's life. Modern life with all the facilities that it provides such as the television, videos, and computer makes adolescents underproductive.

Underproductive life may cause cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and other ill risks. American research in 2008 indicated that death caused by cardiovascular disease and chronic bronchitis occurred more in young age in the range of 19-24 years. Obesity in adolescent is the most consistent predictor of cardiovascular disease. According to Ignarro (2010), people with severe obesity are at greater risk of coronary than people of normal weight.[1],[2],[3],[4],[5] Apart from this, 14 theory studies and research conclusions also explained that someone who irregularly exercised or did gymnastics.

Increasing aerobic gymnastic health degree is a type of gymnastic sport that consists of a combination of movements intentionally chosen by following musical rhythm and expressing certain rhythmic, continuity and duration with expected intensity at 60%, 70%, 80%,. Aerobics is included in a type of gymnastic sports that was founded by Dr. Kenneth Cooper in 1970. If someone regularly does aerobics, it will influence his/her health. Aerobics is an exercise that requires oxygen for the formation of energy which is conducted continuously, rhythmic, involving large muscle groups, especially the leg muscles on exercise intensity 60-90% of Maximal Heart Rate (MHR) and 50-85% of maximal oxygen usage for 20-50 minutes at a frequency of exercise three times a week.[6],[7],[8]

In order to support academic activities in the State University of Gorontalo, aerobics sessions are thoroughly conducted for all the students. Aerobics performed with a frequency of once a week every Friday, with duration of 25-35 minutes. However, in implementing this aerobic activity, many students have difficulty in completing aerobic movement combinations. Some of the students are unable to follow aerobic movement combinations from the first to the last, particularly the high impact (high intensity) movements combination.[9]

The results of the test with the spirometer showed that the lung capacity for males was 2.520 mL on an average and for females, it was 2.080 mL on an average, whereas based on the research of Budy Andriskanda, vital lungs statistic of Indonesian, who not regularly performed training is 3.6 L, meanwhile, people with regularly doing training has VLS trained Indonesian about 4.2 L.[10],[11] Furthermore, Silverthorn et al. (2001) mentioned that the vital lung capacity for males was 4.800 mL and for females was 3.100 mL.[8],[12]

A Cardiovascular ability test results measured by 1,200-m marathon (males) and 1,000-m (females), average time for males is 5.4 min and 5.57 min for males. If adjusted based on the following normal table, the average cardiovascular ability of students for males is less and for females is enough.[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18]

It's assumed that the person who does several activities and be able to follow the movements' combination that being systematically has good lungs, heart, and blood vessel.[19],[20],[21],[22],[23],[24],[25]

To prove this assumption, therefore, a solution brings for doing gymnastic exercise that determined the frequency, duration, and intensity to increase the capacity of lungs and cardiovascular. Before carrying out the exercise, the students underwent a test by using the spirometer to measure the capacity of lungs and cardiovascular capacity was measured by 1,200-m marathon for males and 1,000-m marathon for females. Furthermore, a solution to the problem of low capacity of lungs and low cardiovascular capacity is by doing Mosesahi (Mo'o Sehati, Mo'o Sanangi Hilawo) gymnastic exercise, which means that this gymnastics makes people healthy, happy, and cheerful.[26],[27],[28],[29] Gymnastics is performed based on the basic principles of cardio respiratory exercise, it is adjusted to the opinion of Batteneli,[23] this gymnastic is done by two to three times a week with 60-90% intensity of artery maximal pulse.[30],[31],[32],[33],[34],[35],[36] artery maximum pulse. Based on this opinion, gymnastic implementation is determined exercise frequency by 1 to 3 times a week in duration between 20 min - 40 min with intensity of exercise 60% - 80% of DNM.[37],[38],[39],[40],[41],[42],[43] During this time, the implementation of aerobic gymnastic is not seen intensity, duration, as well as frequency with the result that not be observed whether the aerobic exercise may training the heart, lungs, blood circulation in order to make it more effectively and efficiently, increasing certain muscles' strength until those stronger and raising body flexibility, furthermore the aerobic is able to increase lungs capacity and cardiovascular ability. [44],[45],[46],[47]


   Methodology Top


This research used factorial experimental.[48],[49] In this research, there was an influencing variable called Mosesahi gymnastic that gave attention to the frequency, duration, and exercise intensity and variable that could be affected the experiment, namely vital lungs VC and FEVI capacity and cardiovascular abilities that artery frequency and lactic acid.[50] Apart from this, this research pays attention to confounding variables that consist of sex, age, anthropometric and physical activities, and nutrient.

The groups of the sample is presented in [Table 1] below.
Tabel 1: Sample characteristic and kind of treatment

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According to the table, the sample can be divided into nine groups, which are:

  1. The group of frequency once a week with 20-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).
  2. The group of frequency once a week with 30-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).
  3. The group of frequency once a week with 40-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).
  4. The group of frequency twice a week with 20-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).
  5. The group of frequency twice a week with 30-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).
  6. The group of frequency twice a week with 40-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).
  7. The group of frequency three times a week with 20-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).
  8. The group of frequency three times a week with 30-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).
  9. The group of frequency three times a week with 40-min duration (periodically increasing intensity—60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month).


Research procedures

At all treatment is suggested to maintain diet as a habit and food system as usual by consuming food three times a day, no smoking and alcohol, because this treatment is not quarantined.[51],[52],[53],[54],[55] This treatment is divided in 9 groups with 8 students in each group. It is appropriate with sample number, 72 students.

Gymnastic exercise implementation

Aerobic gymnastic exercise was done every week. Each group does the exercise once, twice, and three times frequency per week in 20 minutes, 30 minutes, and 40 minutes duration with first month 60%, second month 70%, and third month 80% intensity.

Aerobic exercise implementation form

Aerobic movements are made and created on purpose. They are systemically in order consist of 27 movements repeated hence shaping posture, improving movements, increasing health standard, and as rehabilitation tools. For data analysis, since this research has two variable those are independent and dependent, lungs capacity and cardiovascular ability (will be increased by aerobic exercise). Therefore, data analysis used analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistic test to test whether each independent variable had a significant influence on the dependent variable.[56],[57],[58],[59],[60],[61],[62],[63],[64],[65]


   Result and Discussion Top


Changes of lung capacity in result of Mosesahi gymnastic exercise are able to be seen through two indicators, change of vital capacity (VC) and change of forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEVI). Changes of VC: The description of mean and standard deviation from the changes of VC is shown in [Table 2].
Table 2: Description of mean and standard deviation changes of VC

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According to the [Table 6], be able to be explained that the changes value of vital capacity after 2 months (P= 0,000) and 3 months (P= 0,000) MOSASEHI gymnastic exercise at 20 minutes, 30 minutes, and 40 minutes with 1, 2 , and 3 times in a week shows meaning value (P) less than α = 0,05. This means there is an influence within Mosesahi in a duration of 20 min, 30 min, and 40 min at a frequency of one time, two times, and three times a week with changes of VC after 2 months and 3 months of exercising.

Changes of forced expiratory volume in the first second

Description of the mean and standard deviation from the changes of FEVI is shown in [Table 3]. The table above, explained that the changes value of FEV1 after 2 months (P= 0,000) and 3 months (P= 0,000) MOSASEHI gymnastic exercise in duration 20 minutes, 30 minutes, and 40 minutes with 1, 2 , and 3 times in a week shows meaning value (p) less than α = 0,05. This means there is an influence within MOSESAHI in duration 20, 30, and 40 minutes with frequency 1, 2, and 3 times a week with changes of FEV1 2 and 3 months exercising.
Table 3: Mean and standard deviation changes of FEV1 (forced expiration volume)

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Changes of cardiovascular ability in result of Mosesahi gymnastic exercise

Changes of cardiovascular ability in the results of Mosesahi gymnastic exercise are able to be seen through two indicators, changes of lactate acid and artery pulse frequency.

Changes of lactate acid

Description of the mean and standard deviation from the changes of lactate acid is shown in [Table 4].
Table 4: Mean and standard deviation of the changes of lactate acid

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The table above showed that the changes value of lactate acid after 1 months (P= 0,002), 2 months (P= 0,000), and 3 months (P= 0,000) after regularly performed MOSASEHI gymnastic exercise in duration 20 minutes, 30 minutes, and 40 minutes with frequency 1, 2, and 3 in a week has value (p) less than α = 0,05. This means there is an influence within MOSESAHI in duration 20, 30, and 40 minutes with frequency 1, 2, and 3 times a week with changes of lactate acid after 2 and 3 months exercising.

Changes of artery frequency

Description of the mean and standard deviation from the changes of artery frequency is shown in [Table 5] by using Harvard step test formula.
Table 5: Mean and standard deviation of the changes of artery frequency table by using Harvard step test formula

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The table above explained that the changes of artery value after 1 months (P= 0,000), 2 months (P= 0,000), and 3 months (P= 0,000) by regularly doing MOSASEHI gymnastic exercise in duration 20 minutes, 30 minutes, and 40 minutes with frequency 1,2 , and 3 in a week shows meaning value (P) less than α = 0,05. This means there is an influence within MOSESAHI in duration 20, 30, and 40 minutes with frequency 1, 2, and 3 times a week with artery frequency after 2 and 3 months exercising.

To analyze whether there is an interactional influence within intensity, duration, and frequency of change in lung capacity and cardiovascular ability, the researcher performs multivariate analysis test. The significant degree in each test is 0.05 (= 5%). The result of a brief multivariate analysis can be seen in [Table 6].
Table 6: Multivariate analysis influence of duration, frequency, and length of exercise on vital capacity, FEV1, artery frequency, and lactate acid

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According to table above, be able to be explained that to know the influence of duration, frequency, and long of exercise towards vital capacity, FEV1, artery frequency, and lactate acid can be seen based on intergroup effect and mutual subject effect

Based on the intergroup effect, be able to be explained that duration and frequency of applied MOSESAHI gymnastic have meaning treatment intergroup connection. This is because of significant value (P) at duration (P=0,001) and frequency (P=0,000) inter group less than α = 0,05. Based on mutual subject effect, be able to be explained that the applied intensity, intensity and duration also intensity and frequency have meaning treatment inter mutual subject connection.

This is because significant value (P) at intensity (p=0,001), intensity and intensity (P=0,000), intensity and duration (P=0,003), also intensity and frequency (P=0,001) have value less than α = 0,05.

To more specific intensity, duration, and frequency influence towards changes of lungs capacity (Vital Capacity and FEV1) and cardiovascular ability (Lactate Acid and Artery Frequency), therefore has been done the following univariate analysis.

Intergroup

According to [Table 7], it can be explained that there is an influence towards intergroup within MOSASEHI gymnastic duration towards changes of vital capacity and FEV1. This is because significant value of changes of vital capacity (P= 0,001) and changes of FEV1 (P= 0.000) less than α = 0.05 value.
Table 7: Univariate analysis of intergroup treatment at duration, frequency, also duration and frequency toward vital capacity, FEV1, artery frequency, and lactate acid

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Based on frequency variation of Mosesahi gymnastic, there is an influence on intergroup treatment within frequency with changed VC, changed FEV1, changed lactate acid, and changed artery pulse frequency. This is because changed significant value of VC (P = 0. 0006), changed FEV1 (P = 0.0001), changed lactate acid (P = 0.001), and changed artery pulse (P = 0.000) values are less than α = 0.05.

Whereas according to variation of duration and frequency in the table above, be able to be explained that significant value of the changed VC (0,026) and the changed FEV1 (0,007) less than α = 0,05 value. This means that variation of duration and frequency of Mosesahi gymnastic influence the changes of VC and FEV1.

Mutual subject

According to the [Table 8], be able to be explained that treatment done to mutual subject showing that the intensity of Mosesahi gymnastic influences towards the changes of VC value, FEV1, lactate acid, and artery pulse frequency. This is because significant values (P) at VC (P = 0.000), FEV1 (P = 0.000), lactate acid (P = 0.000), and artery pulse frequency (P = 0.000) are less than = 0.05.
Table 8: Univariate analysis of mutual subject treatment at duration, frequency, also duration and frequency toward vital capacity, FEV1, artery frequency, and lactate acid

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Based on variation of intensity and duration Mosasahi gymnastic, be able to be explained that significant value (P) at the changed VC value (P = 0,000), FEV1 (0.000) and the change artery pulse frequency (P = 0.049) less than α = 0.05. This means there is an influence within variation of intensity and Mosasahi gymnastic duration toward the changes of VC, FEV1 and artery pulse frequency.

Based on variation of intensity and duration of Mosesahi gymnastics, be able to be explained that significant value (P) at the changes of FEV1 (0.043) and the changes of lactate acid (P = 0.046) and the changes of artery pulse frequency (P = 0.000) less than α = 0.05. This means there is an influence within variation of intensity and Mosesahi gymnastic frequency toward the changes value of VC, FEV1, and artery pulse frequency.

Based on variation of intensity, duration, and frequency Mosesahi gymnastic, be able to be explained that significant value (P) at the changed VC value (P = 0.007), FEV1 (0.001) less than α = 0.05. This means there is an influence within intensity, duration and Mosesahi gymnastic frequency toward the changes value of VC and FEV1.

Based on the explanation above, be able to be concluded that to know the changes of VC, FEV1, lactate acid, and artery frequency after implemented Mosesahi gymnastic during twice of three times in a week.

According to [Table 9], be able to be explained that occurs increasing changes value of VC, FEV1 at duration 20 min with frequency twice a week, whereas in duration 30 and 40 min occurs at exercise with frequency three times a week at the first, second, and third months of Mosesahi gymnastic during three times a week. On the other hand, for lactate acid occurs decreasing of lactate acid in blood as a result of Mosesahi gymnastics during three times a week at the first, second, and third months. Hence, apart from being supported by P value less than α = 0.05, it can also can be seen that there is a meaningful change enough in frequency twice and three times a week at VC, FEV1, lactate acid and artery frequency as a consequence of Mosesahi gymnastic exercise.
Table 9: Summary of the changes of VC, FEV1, lactate acid, and artery frequency after twice of three times in a week exercise

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The result of Mosesahi in this research is that Mosesahi gymnastics in a duration 20 min with a frequency of twice a week is able to increase lung capacity with an intensity of 60%, 70%, and 80%. Mosesahi gymnastics in a duration 20 min with a frequency of three times a week can increase cardiovascular ability with an intensity of 60%, 70%, and 80%. Mosesahi gymnastics in a duration 30 min and 40 min, an intensity of 60%, 70%, and 80%, and frequency of three times a week can increase lung capacity: VC- Vital Capacity, FEV1= Forced Expiration Volume after 1 second, and cardiovascular ability; Harvard test: Artery pulse, lactate acid.

20-min Mosesahi gymnastics with a frequency of twice a week, duration of 30 min or 40 min, and intensity of 60%, 70%, and 80% that implemented in frequency three times, is recommended in order to increase lung capacity because the effect of Mosesahi gymnastics is seen in the change of tendons in the respiratory system. At this change of tendon system can increase myoglobin and carbohydrate oxidation with the result tendon capacity can change glycogen become CO2 and H2O also ATP with oxygen help. Automatically the respiration tendons can develop well until the increase in lung capacity occurs.[66],[67],[68]

20 min, 30 min, or 40 min of Mosesahi gymnastics with an intensity of 60%, 70%, and 80% implemented with a frequency of three times is recommended in order to increase the cardiovascular capacity well because the size of the heart of someone who has exercised is better than one who has not exercised Mosesahi gymnastics with the defined intensity, frequency, and duration. It makes difference between Mosesahi gymnastic and other aerobics. Furthermore, it is able to be insist that Mosesahi gymnastics is very much recommended for someone who desires to increase lung capacity and cardiovascular capacity.[69]

Mosesahi gymnastics is an aerobic gymnastic sport that has been improved based on the movements of aerobics. They consist of warming-up, main movements, and cooling down exercises. While doing Mosesahi gymnastics, consumption of O2 and production of CO2 are more than common activities; hence, it influence reparation and the cardiovascular system of the person who does it.[70],[71],[72] From the result of this research, it was proven that by implementing Mosesahi gymnastics with a duration of 20 min, 30 min, 40 min, and frequency of once a week increases lung capacity and cardiovascular capacity of students.

1. Increasing Lung Capacity and Cardiovascular Capacity in 20 min in the Aerobic Gymnastic Group.

Students of 20 minutes aerobic gymnastic group increase their lungs capacity: VC- Vital Capacity, FEV1= Forced Expiration Volume after 1 second, and cardiovascular ability; Harvard test: Artery pulse, lactate acid. However the increasing is better to be seen at 20 minutes group in frequency twice per week than three times or once per week with periodic increased at interval exercise, those are: 60% at the first month, 70% at the second month and 80% at the third month.

The result of the research is supported by several other studies, which are as follows. Mc, Claran et al. (1999) compared 29 young healthy women with broad adjusting health value through progressive treadmill test. Based on that study, concluding that lungs volume and the maximal rapid of air current from common women and women who have high health level can cause increasing of prevalence limit expiration current during heavy physical exercise also the increasing of relative hyperinflation based on respiration frequency and goes through spare ventilation. This causes ventilation and tidal volume to be limited during physical exercise. Normally healthy women with increasing lungs volume will cause high rapid of expiration current until through the maximum air current volume. Furthermore, Leith and Bradley in Raffoth (2001) examined the influence of physical exercise on lung volume and capacity on five young volunteers before and after physical exercise. The researchers concluded that there was 4% increase in VC and total lung capacity and maximal respiration ventilation increased 14%.[73],[74],[75],[6]

20-min Mosesahi gymnastics with a frequency of twice per week apart from increasing strength, flexibility, and muscle stamina, can increase enzyme activities in the bones and so improves the density. Ligament and tendon will be denser and denser gristle in the body joints. Thus, health and fitness of the individual increases that can improve his/her living status. At 20 min Mosesahi gymnastics with frequency of twice per week shows lung capacity increasing optimally with changes of FEV1 that of 0,241 in the first month, 0,269 in the second month, and 0,298 in the third month.

The increasing of lungs capacity: VC - Vital Capacity, FEV1= Forced Expiration Volume after 1 second, and cardiovascular ability; Harvard test: Artery pulse, lactate acid can be seen at the attachment of Lungs Capacity and Cardiovascular Ability Test Result based on Mosesahi Aerobic Gymnastic where there is mean and standard deviation in pre-test, first month, second month, and post-test from 20 minutes group in frequency three times per week, twice per week, as well as once per week.

The increasing lung capacity in 20 min aerobic group shows better result as well as frequency twice per week. Whereas, based on theory above more regularly gymnastic will show better result towards denser gristle in the body joints. as the result be shocked absorber, and bones and joints protector from the injury danger. It means gymnastics implemented three times a week should show a better increasing. However, in 20 min Mosesahi gymnastics shows a better increasing with a frequency of twice a week. It is caused during collecting data in the second month with a duration of three times a week coincided with Study Result revenue. Hence, it is more and less influenced to the psychology of the trial students that impacted less concentration when doing Mosesahi gymnastic exercise. It is caused the result is not optimal. Besides that, during collecting data of Mosesahi gymnastic, most of the trial students leave absence, so that the rest students show less enthusiastic during the exercise.

2. Increasing Lung Capacity and Cardiovascular Capacity in 30 min in the Aerobic Gymnastic Group.

Students of 30 min aerobic gymnastic group increase their lungs capacity: VC- Vital Capacity, FEV1= Forced Expiration Volume after 1 second, and cardiovascular ability; Harvard test: Artery pulse, lactate acid. However, the increasing is seen better in the 30-min group with a frequency of three times per week than twice or once per week, and the 30-min twice a week group is better than the 30-min once a week group and 30 min three times per week treatment group is better than 20-min three times per week group with periodic increased at intensity exercise, those are: 60% in the first month, 70% in the second month, and 80% in the third month.

The result of the research is supported by several other studies, which are as follows: Pellegrino, Villosio Milanese (1999) concluded that biking with a frequency of three times per week during 2 months with 31 min duration in for healthy people was able to increase functional residual capacity (FRC), tidal volume, and the frequency of respiration. Clanton at el. (1987) examined swimming the influence of exercise on respiration tendons, as the result occurs the increasing of someone's vital lungs capacity.[25],[77],[78],[79]

3. Increasing Lung Capacity and Cardiovascular Capacity in the 30 min Group.

Students of 40 min group increase their lungs capacity: VC- Vital Capacity, FEV1= Forced Expiration Volume after 1 second, and cardiovascular ability; Harvard test: Artery pulse, lactate acid. However, the increasing is seen to be better in the 40-min group with a frequency of three times per week than twice or once per week, and the 40-min twice a week group is better than the 40-min once a week group and 40-min three times per week treatment group is better than 30 min three times, twice and once per week also better than frequency 20 minutes three times, twice, and once per week with interval periodic increased exercise, those are: 60% at the first month, 70% at the second month and 80% at the third month.

This is based on cardiovascular basic exercise principles founded by the American College of Sports Medicine in (Batteneli, 2009) that states that cardiovascular basic exercise principles are frequency, intensity, duration, and specificity.[23],[80] Frequency is within 2, 3-5 exercises per week, intensity 50-60% until 90% of maximum artery pulse, and 20-60 minutes or a minimum of 20-30 min exercise time.

The opinion is similar to Sherwood (2001-34) who had said that aerobic exercise (through oxygen) involving tendon groups and doing by low intensity and long time, so that the fuel resources are able to be changed become adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by using citrate acid cycles as predominance metabolism line. Aerobics can be done for 20 min to several hours in an exercise.[7]


   Conclusion Top


The significant changes of lungs capacity and cardiovascular ability that caused by implementing MOSESAHI gymnastic exercise with frequency twice a week in duration 20 minutes and intensity 60%, 70%, and 80% is better than frequency once a week, and MOSASEHI that implemented with frequency three times a week and three times a week with duration 30 minutes and intensity 60%, 70%, and 80% the increasing is better than frequency once and twice a week, also MOSESAHI that implemented with frequency three times a week in duration 40 minutes, periodically intensity 80% the increasing is better than duration 40 minutes in frequency once and twice a week

This study recommends that for the beginners who desire to be healthy and fit, it is better to do Mosesahi gymnastics with a duration of 20 min, frequency of twice a week, and intensity of 50-60%. For college students, employees, and public society to support daily activities, it is better if they do Mosesahi gymnastics with a duration of 30 min, frequency of three times a week, and intensity of 60%, 70%, and 80%.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
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Aisah R Pomatahu
State University of Gorontalo, Gorontalo
Indonesia
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DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.205533

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