Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 600-605

The effects of the manner of carrying the bags on musculoskeletal symptoms in school students in the city of Ilam, Iran


1 Department of Ergonomics, Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Students Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
4 Occupational and Environmental Health Research Center, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
5 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
6 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
7 Master of Economic Development and Planning, University of Firoozkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh, Iran
8 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Alireza Khammar
Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_109_17

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Background: Musculoskeletal disorders are a major public health problem. Recently, there has been an increase in musculoskeletal disorder complaints among school students. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting students' physical stature and the manner of carrying bags by them in Ilam, Iran. Materials and Methods: A total of 244 students were randomly selected to participate in the study. A questionnaire was designed to collect required data. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to find out complaints related to back, neck, and shoulder disorders. The height was measured using a portable stadiometer. A digital scale was used to measure the weight of students and their bags. Results: About 50% of the primary students reported discomforts in shoulder. The weights of bags carried by 66.4% of students were lighter than 10% of their body weight. Most students with different physical problems had tarpaulin bags. There was a significant relationship between the manner of carrying bags and their design (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The manner of carrying bags is an important factor among primary school children because carrying of heavy bags is clearly the effective factor and may be ignored as a physical stressor for primary students.


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