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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 612-617

Studying the level of knowledge, attitude, and performance among personnel of Doctor Mohammad Kermanshahi and Hazrat Masomeh Hospitals in terms of hospital waste management


1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Students Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering; Faculty of Public Health, Students Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Younes Sohrabi
Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_111_17

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Introduction: Waste is the most original important environmental contaminate. The most important point to be considered in hospital activities is waste management because of its importance. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the level of knowledge, attitude, and performance among personnel of Doctor Mohammad Kermanshahi and Hazrat Masomeh Hospitals in terms of hospital waste management which this study was performed in 2015. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted as a descriptive analysis to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and performance level of 229 personnel of Doctor Mohammad Kermanshahi (123 people) and Hazrat Masomeh (105 people) Hospitals in terms of hospital waste management. The data were collected by a questionnaire consisted of four parts as follows: demographic, knowledge, attitude, and performance characteristics. In order to analyze the data, SPSS software, Mann-Whitney, nonparametric Kruskal–Wallis, and independent t parametric tests were used. Results: The results showed that sex affects the personnel performance and attitude of Doctor Mohammad Kermanshahi Hospital. There was a significant effect between men and women of Hazrat Masomeh Hospital in the knowledge, attitude, and performance levels. In the personnel of Doctor Mohammad Kermanshahi Hospital, the attitude was different among different occupational groups, the highest rate was related to occupational condition, and the lowest was related to nurses' career status. However, in the personnel of Hazrat Masomeh Hospital, there were no significant results between knowledge, attitude, and performance. Conclusion: Based on the data for each variable in different job situations, it can be deduced that the average knowledge of personnel working in the supportive section was 15.97 which means that they had maximum knowledge and the average knowledge for nurses with 14.92 had the lowest knowledge. In the performance variable, the highest average (14.72) was related to the staffs who worked as supportive group and the physicians had the lowest performance with average score of 13. Finally for attitudes variable the highest average was for physician with 53 and the lowest for nurses with 50.07. According to these results, it can be recommended that training to the hospital staff as well as necessary regulation codification which emphasis on waste management and separation in hospitals.


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