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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 651-656

Understanding the factors associated with nonreporting of needlestick injuries in nurses at Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran 2016: A case study


1 Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran
2 Community-Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Reza Masoudi
Community-Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_199_17

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Introduction: Needle in the body creates one of the potential problems which put people working in the health-care environment at risk of exposure to infection. The number of contaminated needlestick injuries among health-care workers as a result of underreporting of these injuries is unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate factors related to nurses reporting of needlestick in Imam Khomeini in Tehran. Materials and Methods: The present research method is a descriptive–analytic survey. The statistical population included all nurses in Tehran Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex consisting of three centers (Imam Khomeini Hospital, Vali-Asr, and Cancer Institute) in 2016. According to the Statistics center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Human Resources, on-duty nurses are 1100. Two hundred and eighty-five nurses stratified randomly sampling table and using Morgan were selected. To collect the data, in this study, a standard questionnaire reporting Azadi and Anoushe (2007) was used. Research data analysis, descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using SPSS software. Results: The results of descriptive statistics showed that 61.5 percent of nurses had experienced a needlestick exposure, while fending off contaminated needles has been the most frequent (RF = 61.5). Inferential statistical findings showed that the average area of individual and organizational affecting the reporting of needlestick respectively was 2.14 and 2.26. Also, there was a significant difference between individual and organizational factors affecting the reporting of needlestick injury based on education and work experience. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that contaminated needlestick injuries and underreporting of injuries among nurses include a high rate and larger studies need to be done in this regard. Interventions such as a standard protocol as well as reporting, staff training, and postexposure prophylactic standard treatments can be effective in improving the reporting percentage of these injuries.


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