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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1064-1065
Does Eid-ad-Adha affect the transmission of Zoonotic diseases?

1 Infectious Disease and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

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Date of Web Publication5-Oct-2017

How to cite this article:
Leylabadlo HE, Kafil HS, Nikmaram A. Does Eid-ad-Adha affect the transmission of Zoonotic diseases?. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:1064-5

How to cite this URL:
Leylabadlo HE, Kafil HS, Nikmaram A. Does Eid-ad-Adha affect the transmission of Zoonotic diseases?. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Feb 24];10:1064-5. Available from:

Eid-al-Adha (the Muslim Festival of Sacrifice) occurs annually during the Hajj (annual pilgrimage to Mecca) and is an important Eid celebration for Muslims around the world. During these festivals, Muslims sacrifice animals such as cattle, sheep, goat, or share a camel. Those who do not attend Hajj also sacrifice animals in their own countries. In some traditionally Muslim countries, families or groups of families may purchase an animal known as udhiya, usually a goat or sheep, to sacrifice.[1] Eid-al-Adha is a public holiday in Iran, and after Eid prayer Muslims who can afford to offer a sacrifice, usually to be slaughtered in every household, distribute its meat among families and poors. During Eid-al-Adha, Iranian Muslims slaughter animals by themselves, but a person who is not able to do so can appoint someone else to undertake the slaughter on their behalf. In this ritual, people manipulate animal body parts and meat with bare hands.

Zoonotic disease transmitted directly and indirectly from infected livestock to the human. Many factors play into the transmission these zoonotic diseases to human; for example, direct contact with infected animals influences risk to the population.[2] Zoonotic diseases such as Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever, Q fever, and  Brucellosis More Details are major public health problems in Iran, and there are endemically exist for many years in Iran.[3],[4],[5] The eastern and western region of Iran has been an important crossing area of uncontrolled animal movements and animal trafficking from endemic neighboring countries such as Iraq, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, which can be considered an important source of zoonotic diseases for domestic herds in Iran.[3]

However, during Eid-al-Adha, there is an arrangement made by the municipalities of the capital and large cities, in coordination with Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO), for special temporary centers for slaughtering based on standard protocols, but slaughtering without using appropriate personal protective equipment still occurs in villages or small towns. During Eid-al-Adha, the sale of animals is less regulated in villages or small towns and sale livestock done among local people, so activities of animal shipping, marketing, and slaughtering are conducted beyond the control of IVO, and this can leads to pose a significant risk in transmission zoonotic disease to human in endemic region. For these reasons, it is recommended that each year during Eid-al-Adha in villages or small towns take measures need to reduce exposure contact with of humans with animals and fresh meat of sacrificed animals, especially in villages or small towns that are near the eastern and western borders of Iran where animal trafficking from endemic neighbors are more.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Skanchy H. A cultural look at the diet and health issues of the Middle East. Nutrition. 2009;3420:1-10.  Back to cited text no. 1
Zowghi E. Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses. Iran J Clin Infect Dis 2008;3:109-15.  Back to cited text no. 2
Leylabadlo HE, Bialvaei AZ, Kafil HS. Brucellosis in Iran: Why not eradicated? Clin Infect Dis 2015;61:1629-30.  Back to cited text no. 3
Chinikar S, Ghiasi SM, Hewson R, Moradi M, Haeri A. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Iran and neighboring countries. J Clin Virol 2010;47:110-4.  Back to cited text no. 4
Ezatkhah M, Alimolaei M, Khalili M, Sharifi H. Seroepidemiological study of Q fever in small ruminants from Southeast Iran. J Infect Public Health 2015;8:170-6.  Back to cited text no. 5

Correspondence Address:
Hossein Samadi Kafil
Assistant Professor, Drug Applied Research Center, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.196624

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