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Table of Contents   
LETTER TO THE EDITOR  
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1066-1067
Travel without Travelers' diarrhea?


Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

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Date of Web Publication5-Oct-2017
 

How to cite this article:
Tavana AM. Travel without Travelers' diarrhea?. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:1066-7

How to cite this URL:
Tavana AM. Travel without Travelers' diarrhea?. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Sep 19];10:1066-7. Available from: http://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2017/10/4/1066/196637


Nowadays travelling is very essential for many people in the world for different aims, such as religious (for hajj pilgrims and Karbala pilgrims), sports (in Olympic games events or similar competition, for example, World football cup), as tourists to see different historical and cultural aspects of different countries in the world, or for business or education for students and so on.[1],[2] Anyways, the rate of travelling is much more than the past. But travelers' diarrhea is considered as health challenge for travelers and their government. In fact, the number of travelers is increasing day by day and, unfortunately, there is no unique way to prevent the disease called travelers' diarrhea.

Although, a few agents such as  E.coli Scientific Name Search  (mostly) shigellasp, Rotaviruses have been introduced, there are many organisms, which are not known to scientists presently, but will be introduced in future.[3] The etiology and epidemiology of travelers' diarrhea was well introduced by scientists in the past [4],[5] but no one knows if there is any other organism linked with traveler's diarrhea or not. In fact, there are different organisms that are linked with the disease, but they are not identified and more research is required to find the facts. We can look at the matter from the other dimension that there is no difference as to how many organisms are involved in travelers' diarrhea.[6],[7] The thing which must not be forgotten is personal hygiene, which you should maintain while travelling as well. Therefore, maintain personal hygiene for yourself and your family all the time and take an experience from previous travels to prevent the next travel without any health problem. As I mentioned earlier, I believe that the only way, which can reduce the risk of travelers' diarrhea, is personal hygiene as well as health education. Of course, personal hygiene must not be considered only by any individual, but t should also be the first priority of government and internal health organizations to overcome the problem completely.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
   References Top

1.
Salmon-Rousseau A, Piednoir E, Cattoir V, de La Blanchardière A. Hajj-associated infections. Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses. 2016;S0399-077X(16)30010-5-doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2016.04.002.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Eberhardt KA, Vinnemeier CD, Dehnerdt J, Rolling T, Steffen R. Cramer JP, Travelers to the FIFA world cup 2014 in Brazil: Health risks related to mass gatherings/sports events and implications for the Summer OlympicGames in Rio de Janeiro in 2016. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. pii: S1477-8939(16)30047-3.doi: 10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.05.014. [Last accessed on 2016 May 26].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Sridhar S, Régner I, Brouqui P, Gautret P. Methodologies for measuring travelers' risk perception of infectious diseases: A systematic review. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. pii: S1477-8939(16)30045-X.doi: 10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.05.012. [Last accessed on 2016 May 27].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Gagneux-Brunon A, Andrillat C, Fouilloux P, Daoud F, Defontaine C, Charles R. et al. Pre-travel advice seeking from GPs by travellers with chronic illness seen at a travel clinic. Journal of Travel Medicine. 23:pii: taw013. doi: 10.1093/jtm/taw013. [Last accessed on 2016 Mar 30].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Soriano-Arandes A, García-Carrasco E, Serre-Delcor N, Treviño-Maruri B, Sulleiro E, Ruiz-Giardín JM, et al. Travelers' Diarrhea in Children at Risk: An Observational Study From a Spanish Database. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2016;35:392-5.doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001049.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Tavana AM, Fallah Z, Zahraee SM, Asl HM, Rahbar M, Mafi M. et al. Effects of climate on the cholera outbreak in Iran during seven years (2000-2006). Ann Trop Med Public Health 2008;1:43-6.  Back to cited text no. 6
  [Full text]  
7.
Tavana Mehrabi, Fallah AZ, Ataee RA. Is Cholera Outbreak Related to Climate Factors? Report of Seven Year Study from 21th March 1998-to 21th March 2004 in Iran. Journal of Medical Sciences 2006;6:480-83.  Back to cited text no. 7
    

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Correspondence Address:
Ali Mehrabi Tavana
Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.196637

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