Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Home About us Ahead Of Print Instructions Submission Subscribe Advertise Contact e-Alerts Editorial Board Login 
Users Online:2285
  Print this page  Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size

Table of Contents   
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1077
Disaster with or without disasters needs more attention

Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Web Publication5-Oct-2017

How to cite this article:
Tavana AM. Disaster with or without disasters needs more attention. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:1077

How to cite this URL:
Tavana AM. Disaster with or without disasters needs more attention. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Feb 25];10:1077. Available from:

Dear Editor

There are two types of disasters, natural and no-natural.[1] Natural disaster can appear suddenly anywhere and it destroys human, money, and natural resources to such an extent that nothing can be done to prevent all the effects. In the past, many natural disasters like earthquake, flood, storm, happened and demolished the cities (sometimes ancient cities and districts) and many human resources. Nowadays, the emphasis of disaster management is to prevent the negative effects of natural disasters by pre-arrangements, education, and quick action and responses. But sometimes a disaster could happen in an area, which is an endemic for many communicable diseases [2],[3] like Cholera,[4] Typhoid,[5] Sand fly fever,[6],[7],[8] Leishmaniasis,[9],[10] Q fever, rift valley fever, Crimean CongoHemorrhagic fever (CCHF),[11],[12] MERS,[13] SARS Ebola,[14] influenza,[15],[16] and other infections.[17],[18],[19],[20] A disaster if not managed properly could lead to another disaster. Weak management results in loss of many human and money resources. But, with strong and planned management for preventing the diseases, we could overcome the effects of disaster. Therefore, in this letter to the editor, I would like to say that disaster can appear in any part of the world, which is natural, but good management and preparation at an early stage along with good control of any communicable disease may reduce the effects of the disaster. It is up to you or us to make a design that help us achieve and implement health measures, particularly, in post disaster situation.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Velimirovic B. Non-natural disasters-an epidemiological review Disasters. 1980 ;4:237-46.  Back to cited text no. 1
Campanella N, Infectious diseases and natural disasters: the effects of Hurricane Mitch over Villanueva municipal area, Nicaragua. Public Health Reviews 1999;27:311-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
Watson JT, Gayer M, Connolly MA. Epidemics after natural disasters. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial on the Internet]. Available from [Last accessed on 2016 Aug 12].  Back to cited text no. 3
Piarroux R, Barrais R, Faucher B, Haus R, Piarroux M. Gaudart J, et al. Understanding the cholera epidemic, Haiti. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial on the Internet]. Available from: [Last accessed on 2016 Aug 12].  Back to cited text no. 4
Sutiono Agung Budi, Qiantori Andri, Suwa Hirohiko, Toshizumi Ohta, Characteristics and risk factors for typhoid fever after the tsunami, earthquake and under normal conditions in Indonesia. BMC Research Notes 2010;3:106. doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-106. PMCID: PMC2873345. [Last accessed date on 2010 Apr 17].  Back to cited text no. 5
Tavana AM. Sandfly fever in the world. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2015. 8:83-7. Available from:[Last accessed on 2016 May 11]  Back to cited text no. 6
Mehrabi Tavana A. The seroepidemiological studies of sandfly fever in Iran during imposed war Iran. J Public Health 2001;30:145-6.  Back to cited text no. 7
MehrabiTavana A. Mini review on Sand Fly Fever. Journal of Entomology 2007;4:401-3.  Back to cited text no. 8
Fakoorziba M R, Baseri A, Eghbal F, Rezaee S, Azizi K, Moemenbellah-Fard M D. Post-earthquake outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in a rural region of southern Iran. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 2011;105:217-224.  Back to cited text no. 9
Tavana AM. Why cutaneous leishmaniasis could not be prevented completely? An open discussion. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2011;452-3.  Back to cited text no. 10
Darwish MA, Buck A, Faris R, Gad A, Moustafa A, El-Khashab T. et al. Antibodies to certain arboviruses in humans from a flooded village in Egypt. The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association 1994;69:239-60.  Back to cited text no. 11
Tavana AM, Chinikar S, Mazaheri V. The seroepidemiological aspects of Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever in three health workers: A Report from Iran. Arch Iran Med 2002;5:255-8.  Back to cited text no. 12
Tavana AM. Ten lessons learned from the recent outbreak of the Middle East respiratory syndrome. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:231-3.  Back to cited text no. 13
  [Full text]  
Barbisch D, Koenig KL, Shih FY. Is There a Case for Quarantine? Perspectives from SARS to Ebola. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 2015;9:547-53.doi: 10.1017/dmp.2015.38. [Last accessed on 2015 Mar 23]  Back to cited text no. 14
Tavana AM, Pandemic influenza A H1N1 in Iran and lessons learnt. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2012;5:295-7.  Back to cited text no. 15
Tavana AM, Recent pandemic influenza and it's published articles distribution in the world. Iranian Journal of Nursery and Midwifery Research 2012;17:255. PMID:23833622.  Back to cited text no. 16
Tavana AM, Fallah Z, Zahraee SM, Asl HM, Rahbar M, Mafi M, et al. Effects of climate on the cholera outbreak in Iran during seven years (2000-2006). Ann Trop Med Public Health 2008;1:43-6.  Back to cited text no. 17
  [Full text]  
Tavana A Mehrabi, Ataee RA, Gerami ME, Gooya MM, Karami A, Ranjbar R. et al. BRIEF REPORT: A Study Investigating the Streptococcus Pneumoniae Pattern Among Iranian patients. Archives of Pharmacy Practice 2012;3:2122-27.  Back to cited text no. 18
Ranjbar R, Afshar D, Mehrabi Tavana A, Najafi A, Pourali F. Safiri Z, et al. Development of Multiplex PCR for Simultaneous Detection of Three Pathogenic Shigella Species. Iranian Journal of Public Health 2014;43:1657-63.  Back to cited text no. 19
Mehrabi Tavana A, Ataee RA. Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD) Sterotype Frequency in Iranian Patients. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal 2013;15:740-2.doi: 10.5812/ircmj.4145.[Last accessed on 2013 Aug 5].  Back to cited text no. 20

Correspondence Address:
Ali Mehrabi Tavana
Ali Mehrabi Tavana, Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.196686

Rights and Permissions


    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *


 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded29    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal