Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 869-873

The relationship between “compassion fatigue” and “burnout” among nurses


1 Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Paramedicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Arezo Elmi
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_234_17

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Background and Purpose: Burnout has an impact on the quality of care and can cause damages to the quality of care. It seems that there is a relationship between “compassion fatigue” and “burnout.” If we can help reducing compassion fatigue and burnout among nurses, then we can take a step toward improving the quality of services in the field of nursing. Materials and Methods: This study is a descriptive correlative one which its purpose is to investigate the relation between “compassion fatigue” and “burnout” among nurses of selective educational health centers of Tabriz in 2016. One hundred and ninety-one nurses have been selected from these centers based on two-stage clustering sampling method. The tools used in this study consist of three parts: (1) exploring the demographic information including age, gender, education, marital status, years of service, type of employment, and the type of service sector, (2) the questionnaire of compassion fatigue (Figley), and (3) the questionnaire of burnout (Maslach). SPSS20 software has been used for analyzing the data. The descriptive-analytical statistics (including frequency distribution tables and mean indicators and standard deviation) and Pearson correlation coefficient also have been used for studying the relationship between aforementioned variables. Results: Pearson correlation coefficient among the “compassion fatigue” and “burnout” in the sample has been calculated as r = 0.087 and P = 0.233, and there is no significant relationship among these variables (P > 0.05). In exploring the relation of “compassion fatigue” and “burnout” with demographic variables such as type of service sector and location of work, there can be seen a significant relationship, and it is reported that nurses working in emergency sectors show greater risk for reduced compassion fatigue and burnout compared to nurses working in Intensive Care Units and surgery rooms. Conclusion: The result shows that compassion fatigue and burnout are two separate issues, so we need educated nurses regarding these issue to overcome the problem. This papers reveals the extent of nursing burnout in intermediate and long term care sector as well as identifies factors associated with burnout.


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