Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1169-1173

Effects of cold alcohol compression on pain of preschoolers receiving intravenous fluid infusion

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Sureeporn Thanasilp
Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_269_17

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Purpose: The study aimed to determine the effects of cold alcohol compression on pain of preschoolers receiving an intravenous (IV) fluid infusion. Methods: In this quasi-experimental, four group study, 3–5-year-old children in the intervention groups (n = 20) received cold alcohol compression 1 min before IV insertion. The control group (n = 20) received conventional nursing care. The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale was used to assess pain intensity. The t-test was used to analyze pain. Results: The result indicated that the pain score of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P < 0.01). Practice Implications: Cold alcohol compression is a time, cost-saving, and efficient method to reduce pain in preschoolers receiving the IV fluid infusion. Conclusion: Providing cold alcohol compression is the effective method which does not need intensive preparation.

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