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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1174-1178

The effect of life skills training program on quality of life and its dimensions in patients with type 2 of diabetes


1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery School, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Master of Science Student, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Faculty of Management, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Fatemeh Sadeghi Meresht
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_276_17

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Background and Objective: Diabetes is a major cause of death and disability and worsening of public health which is a concern in the world. Patients with diabetes had significantly poorer mental health than normal subjects and patients are psychologically vulnerable. Therefore, life skills training can promote mental health and quality of life (QOL) of patients with diabetes. The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of life skills training on QOL in patients with type 2 of diabetes. Methodology: This research is a quasi-experimental study in which the effect on QOL and life skills training and its dimensions in patients with type 2 diabetes referred to health centers in Babolsar city. In this study, 100 patients with type 2 diabetes selected by convenience sampling in both experimental and control groups (each n = 50) were enrolled. To prevent data leakage, two centers were selected to test samples and controls separately; in this case, the experimental group and control group were selected from Arabkheil and Bahnamir health centers. For six 90 min, sessions for test group were trained in life skills. Moreover, after 6 weeks through QOL questionnaire (short-form 36), training effects in both groups were measured and compared. Data using Chi-square tests and t-test and Fisher's exact SPSS20 were analyzed using statistical software. Results: The mean scores at posttest in QOL (P = 0.005) and of energy and vitality (P = 0.002), mental health (P < 0.001), social functioning (P = 0.041), general health (P = 0.008) was a significant difference. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that life skills education program had an impact on the QOL in patients with type 2 diabetes.


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