Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1785-1791

The effects of self-care training on health-promoting behaviors of asthmatic patients


1 Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, International Branch of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Medical surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 School of Paramedical, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Hosseini Meimanat
Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_656_17

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Background and Purpose: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world, and promoting self-care behaviors is known as critical in the successful management of asthma. Since self-care training probably causes patients with asthma to have an active role in the management and control of the symptoms of their disease, this study was conducted to determine the effects of self-care training on health-promoting behaviors in asthmatic patients referring to private clinics in Mashhad. Methodology: This experimental study was conducted on 110patients(21–40years old) with asthma diagnosis. Sampling was done in two phases: purposive method for selecting physicians' clinics and simple random for selecting control and intervention groups of patients. In the intervention group, eight training sessions on the aspects of health-promoting behaviors were held and the control group received no training. Data collection tools included demographic characteristics questionnaire, Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, and asthma control questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21, nonparametric Mann–Whitney U and Friedman tests, paired parametric independent t-test, and repeated measures test. Results: A statistically significant difference was observed between the score of asthma control and health-promoting behavior scores in intervention and control groups immediately and 2 months after the training, indicating the effectiveness of the intervention. Conclusion: Overall, this study showed that training in asthma could be considered as a special part of care programs so that the patient is actively involved in self-care and can be encouraged in the therapy.


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