Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 199--205

Clinico-laboratory study on filarial lymphoedema


Mohamad A Ebrahim1, Hala A El-Nahas2, Nermen M Nabih2, Husam M Al-Wakeel3 
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoum University Hospitals, Mansoura, Egypt
2 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoum University Hospitals, Mansoura, Egypt
3 Department of Vascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoum University Hospitals, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamad A Ebrahim
Department of Internal Medicine, Islamic University Hospital, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Context: Lymphatic filariasis is considered the second leading cause of permanent physical disability in humans next to mood disorder. Aims: To evaluate filarial lymphoedema as a considerable burden to patients and the community. Settings and Design: This study was conducted on 45 patients with filarial lymphoedema among 2,350 patients with lower limb edema and 22 age- and sex-matched controls, from May 2005 to May 2008. Materials and Methods: Subjects were subjected to full history taking, clinical examination, Doppler ultrasound on the affected leg, laboratory tests for filariasis. Statistical Analysis: Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS) for windows 7.5. (SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA). Results: Male to female ratio was approximately 1:1.8. The age group 21-30 years was more affected (42%). The majority of cases of filarial lymphoedema in the present study were diagnosed in advanced irreversible stages. Five patients had hydrocele. Four cases (8.9%) were detected to be microfilaremic, 60% of cases were positive for Immunoglobulin (Ig) G, 4.44% were IgM positive and positive cases for filarial antigenemia were 64.4%. Conclusion: The majority of cases in the present study were detected in advanced irreversible stages with patient disability and serious socioeconomic impact.


How to cite this article:
Ebrahim MA, El-Nahas HA, Nabih NM, Al-Wakeel HM. Clinico-laboratory study on filarial lymphoedema.Ann Trop Med Public Health 2012;5:199-205


How to cite this URL:
Ebrahim MA, El-Nahas HA, Nabih NM, Al-Wakeel HM. Clinico-laboratory study on filarial lymphoedema. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Sep 20 ];5:199-205
Available from: http://www.atmph.org/article.asp?issn=1755-6783;year=2012;volume=5;issue=3;spage=199;epage=205;aulast=Ebrahim;type=0