Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 317--320

Screening tuberculosis suspects: How many sputum specimens are adequate?


Shamila Hamid1, Syed Arshad Hussain2, Ali Imtiyaz3 
1 Department of Community Medicine, SKIMS Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, DH Pulwama, (A Multispecialty Hospital) Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Syed Arshad Hussain
B Grade consultant in H&ME, Tropical Medical Unit, DH Pulwama, (A Multispeciality Hospital), J & K
India

Background: The aim of the study was to assess whether the number of sputum samples for screening of tuberculosis suspects could be minimized. Materials and Methods: It was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted from December 2006 to May 2008. Chest symptomatic 2810 patients were screened for tuberculosis (TB) by subjecting them to sputum microscopy using 2 sputum samples as well as 3 samples following standard procedure for sputum collection, staining, and AFB identification. Results: First sputum smear alone could detect 91.8% cases while first 2 samples together could detect 96% cases. Maximum no. of cases were diagnosed by only 2 specimen sputum smears, and added diagnostic value of third specimen was small i.e., 4%. Conclusions: Hence, 2 sputum samples as diagnostic criteria for screening of TB suspects is one way of improving the efficient use of scarce resources.


How to cite this article:
Hamid S, Hussain SA, Imtiyaz A. Screening tuberculosis suspects: How many sputum specimens are adequate?.Ann Trop Med Public Health 2012;5:317-320


How to cite this URL:
Hamid S, Hussain SA, Imtiyaz A. Screening tuberculosis suspects: How many sputum specimens are adequate?. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Sep 20 ];5:317-320
Available from: http://www.atmph.org/article.asp?issn=1755-6783;year=2012;volume=5;issue=4;spage=317;epage=320;aulast=Hamid;type=0