Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

PROSPECTIVE CLINICAL STUDY
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 369--377

A study of patients with type II respiratory failure put on non-invasive positive pressure ventilation


Vishal Vanani, Monila Patel 
 Department of Medicine, V. S. General Hospital, Ahmedabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Vishal Vanani
E/6, Doctor«SQ»s Quarters, V. S. General Hospital, Ellisbridge, Ahmadabad - 380 006, Gujarat
India

Non-invasive ventilation as an alternative to the endotracheal intubation is associated with less infectious complications and injury to the airways. In a study cohort that included 50 patients with type II respiratory failure with the commonest diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation with or without associated co-morbidities, mechanical ventilation with non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) was applied and the response was observed in terms of change in various clinical and laboratory parameters after 1 hour, at the time of weaning, and 6 hours after weaning. There was significant improvement with NIPPV in form of increase in pH and PaO 2 and decrease in PaCO2 and HCO3 after 1 hour of NIPPV application, which also persisted after successful weaning. The patients who failed NIPPV had significantly high respiratory rate, low pH value, and high PaCO 2 on admission.


How to cite this article:
Vanani V, Patel M. A study of patients with type II respiratory failure put on non-invasive positive pressure ventilation.Ann Trop Med Public Health 2013;6:369-377


How to cite this URL:
Vanani V, Patel M. A study of patients with type II respiratory failure put on non-invasive positive pressure ventilation. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2013 [cited 2020 Feb 20 ];6:369-377
Available from: http://www.atmph.org/article.asp?issn=1755-6783;year=2013;volume=6;issue=3;spage=369;epage=377;aulast=Vanani;type=0