Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 752-

Zika virus infection and breastfeeding


Beuy Joob1, Viroj Wiwanitkit2,  
1 Sanitation 1 Medical Academic Center, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Visiting Professor, Hainan Medical University, China

Correspondence Address:
Beuy Joob
Sanitation 1 Medical Academic Center, Bangkok
Thailand




How to cite this article:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Zika virus infection and breastfeeding.Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:752-752


How to cite this URL:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Zika virus infection and breastfeeding. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Oct 17 ];10:752-752
Available from: http://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2017/10/3/752/188503


Full Text



Zika virus infection is the present global problem. It can be transmitted via mosquito bite and transplacenta modes.[1] The concern is on the atypical uncommon mode of transmission. Recently, there is a big concern on possibility of transmission due to sexual contact.[2] However, there are other possible modes. The transmission via breastfeeding is of interest.[3],[4],[5]

Based on available evidence, there is still no case of Zika virus infection due to breastfeeding. However, the big question is on the possibility whether the Zika virus can be transmitted via breastfeeding or not. Focusing on its molecular size, similar to HIV [6], the passing thorough breast milk pore is possible. However, it should be noted that the virus cannot be absorb to cause disease by gastrointestinal tract, hence, it is rarely that the Zika virus can cause the infection via breastfeeding transmission.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Zika virus infection and dengue: a new problem in diagnosis in a dengue-endemic area. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2015;8:145-146.
2D'Ortenzio E, Matheron S, de Lamballerie X, Hubert B, Piorkowski G, Maquart M, et al. Evidence of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus. N Engl J Med. 2016;374:2195-8.
3Chan JF, Choi GK, Yip CC, Cheng VC, Yuen KY. Zika fever and congenital Zika syndrome: an unexpected emerging arboviral disease. J Infect 2016;72:507-24.
4Chan JF, Choi GK, Yip CC, Cheng VC, Yuen KY. Zika fever and congenital Zika syndrome: an unexpected emerging arboviral disease. J Infect 2016;72:507-24.
5Besnard M, Lastere S, Teissier A, Cao-Lormeau V, Musso D. Evidence of perinatal transmission of Zika virus, French Polynesia, December 2013 and February 2014. Euro Surveill 2014;19:20751.
6Wiwanitkit V, Breastfeeding and HIV infection. Int J Nurs Pract 2015;21:682.