Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 769--770

What could be done for prevention of Cholera: My suggestion is that individual health is much important for preventing the disease. Are you agreeing with me?


Ali Mehrabi Tavana 
 Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Mehrabi Tavana
Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran




How to cite this article:
Tavana AM. What could be done for prevention of Cholera: My suggestion is that individual health is much important for preventing the disease. Are you agreeing with me?.Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:769-770


How to cite this URL:
Tavana AM. What could be done for prevention of Cholera: My suggestion is that individual health is much important for preventing the disease. Are you agreeing with me?. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Nov 14 ];10:769-770
Available from: http://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2017/10/3/769/196629


Full Text



Dear Editor,

About 1.4 billion people are at risk for cholera in endemic countries. It has been said that an estimated 2.8 million cholera cases occur annually in such countries.[1] Cholera has killed thousands of people in the past and the disease is endemic in many part of the World in particular in Tropic and semitropical regions.[2]

The disease may be accompanied with disasters such as earthquake or flooding.[3],[4] The drug resistance of Cholera was investigated in different studies.[5] Different health measures has been applied to control the disease but unfortunately the disease could be reported in epidemic or sporadic form across the World.[6]

Everyone knows individual health related to many factors including personnel culture, education from the beginning the life, behavior, and practice. If those, which are mentioned above are going well we could consider individual health as base for public health in the public. Cholera has been appeared as pandemic form at least seven times [7] and in epidemic form many times in different countries, the disease is endemic for many years (http://www.who.int/topics/cholera/en/). Just a question remains' What could be done for prevention of Cholera anyway, perhaps may be you think vaccine is the best way in order to prevent the disease.,[9],[10],[11] unfortunately, as all of you know that vaccine is not 100% effective and its protection is short less than a year first and then is most costly in particular for poor population in developing countries.[8],[9] My suggestion is that individual health is much better than other prevention measures, which could be implemented in endemic area from the beginning of life for all population in order to prevent the disease, do you agree with me?[10],[11]

Of course, the improvement of public health in order to access the safe water and food supplies are important, but not to be forgotten improvement of individual health is result of the public health itself, thus, the encouragement of personnel or individual health by governments and private sectors is necessary to prevent the Cholera, anyway the things which must not be forgotten anytime that's needs the long time health programmed in order to implemented in the societies in particular in endemic area. I hope World without Cholera by increase the level of the health in particular individual health.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Ali M, Lopez AL, You YA, Kim YE, Sah B, Maskery B. et al. The global burden of cholera. Bull World Health Organ 2012;90:209-218A.doi: 0.2471/BLT.11.093427. Epub 2012 Jan 24
2Mølbak K. The past decade's infectious diseases. Ugeskr Laeger 2011;Feb 7 173:414-6. Danish. PMID:21299933.
3Orata FD, PS2 Keim, Boucher Y. The 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti: how science solved a controversy. PLoS Pathog 2014;10:e1003967. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003967. eCollection 2014
4Shah MA, Mutreja A, Thomson N, Baker S, Parkhill J, Dougan G. Genomic epidemiology of Vibrio cholerae O1 associated with floods, Pakistan, 2010. Emerg Infect Dis 2014;20:13-20.
5doi: 10.3201/.eid2001.130428.
6Gupta PK, Pant ND, Bhandari R, Shrestha P. Cholera outbreak caused by drug resistant Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 biotype ElTor serotype Ogawa in Nepal; a cross-sectional study. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2016;5:23-doi: 10.1186/s13756-016-0122-7.
7Tavana Ali. Cholera outbreaks in Iran and duration time of outbreaks. J Glob Infect Dis 2009;1:75-76.doi: 10.4103/0974-777X.52988. PMCID: PMC2840935.https://en.wikipedia.org/.../Cholera_outbreaks_and_pandemics. Wikipedia. [Accessed on 2016 June 10]
8Deen J, von Seidlein L, Luquero FJ, Troeger C, Reyburn R, Lopez AL. The scenario approach for countries considering the addition of oral cholera vaccination in cholera preparedness and control plans. Lancet Infect Dis 2016;16:125-9. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00298-4.Epub 2015 Oct 19
9Alqahtani AS, Alfelali M, Arbon P, Booy R, Rashid H. Burden of vaccine preventable diseases at large events. Vaccine 2015;33:6552-63.doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.09.076. Epub 2015 Oct 4
10Tavana AM, Fallah Z, Zahraee SM, Asl HM, Rahbar M, Mafi M, Esmi N. Effects of climate on the cholera outbreak in Iran during seven years (2000-2006). Ann Trop Med Public Health 2008;1:43-6.
11Ataee R. A., Mehrabi-Tavana A., Ghorbani GH. A. An analysis on Recent Cholera Epidemic in I.R.IRAN. J Mil Med 2005;7:177-85.