Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 52-57

An influence of the exclusive breastfeeding education knowledge, attitude, and beliefs for the princess youth in urban and rural areas in North Kalimantan-Indonesia

1 Kaltara Nursing Academy, Kalimantan Utara, Indonesia
2 Department of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Muh Aris
Kaltara Nursing Academy, Kalimantan Utara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_186_17

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Background: Youth princess' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs toward exclusive breastfeeding are still low. Aims: This research would like to develop exclusive breastfeeding modules for princess youth in rural and urban areas. Methodology: This research uses a quasi-experiment design and implemented in urban and rural areas. Each consisted of intervention and control groups with samples (n = 127 and n = 104), while in rural areas (n = 126 and n = 103). The intervention group received learning with the Module plus Lecture Method (MLM), while the control group received the Learning Methods Module (LMM). Intervention was given to each school for 90 min. Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs on exclusive breastfeeding are measured before and after intervention by questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using paired samples t-test and Friedman test. Results: The participants were aged between 15 and 16 years (67.6%), the birth order in the family was the first to second (61.3%), whereas the number of siblings was three to four (60.9%) and the 74.8% were Bugis. Seen increased knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs on exclusive breastfeeding after the intervention (P < 0.05) in all study groups. There was no difference in the increase in group knowledge in urban areas after the intervention P = 0.738. While rural areas, there is a difference in the increase in knowledge of MLM and LMM group P = 0.000. In addition, there was no difference in the improvement of attitudes and beliefs in all groups in the study area P > 0.05. Conclusions: LMM plus lecture and module learning methods can improve the knowledge, attitude, and belief of adolescent girls to exclusive breastfeeding. There is no visible difference between group receiving modules plus lectures and modules alone in urban areas. For rural areas, the group received a module plus lecture well than the module group alone on knowledge (P < 0.05), while attitudes and beliefs did not differ all groups in the study area.

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