Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 130--131

Forgotten problems in land border crossings


Ampai Meesit1, Wasana Kaewla2, Viroj Wiwanitkit2,  
1 Nong Sanit Tambon Health Promoting Hospital, Surin Province, Surin, Thailand
2 Surin Rajabhat University, Surin, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Wasana Kaewla
Surin Rajabhat University, Surin
Thailand




How to cite this article:
Meesit A, Kaewla W, Wiwanitkit V. Forgotten problems in land border crossings.Ann Trop Med Public Health 2016;9:130-131


How to cite this URL:
Meesit A, Kaewla W, Wiwanitkit V. Forgotten problems in land border crossings. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Mar 9 ];9:130-131
Available from: https://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2016/9/2/130/177388


Full Text

Dear Sir,

Transboundary health is an important consideration in the present global public health. Due to the good transportation system and globalization, transnational travel can be easily done and the health control at the border becomes the big issue in public health at present. [1] Waterman et al. noted that "large number of crossings, sparse federal resources, and decreased regulation regarding conveyances crossing these borders make land borders more permeable to a variety of threats." [2] The concern is usually on the control of disease carried by travelers and unwanted objects including narcotics. Strict control can be seen at the airport borders but the questionable issue is on the land border crossing. Based on the authors' experience on the land border crossing in Indochina (Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam), health control seems not completely done. In fact, the control of disease at land borders, especially for malaria, in this area is an interesting topic. [3] In addition, there are some issues for searching for unwanted objects and screening for febrile workers; the strict control is not applied compared to the airport. Additionally, the delay of the border process is another important issue to be discussed. Long waiting time can be a problem to children, the elderly, pregnant women, and female travelers. Sometimes, the poor toilet can be seen at the border post and this can cause a problem to many travelers, especially for female travelers during the waiting time. To have a good health control at the land border crossing is an actual important issue in public health. This can be useful in case of transboundary referring of patients from one country to the other. As suggested by Smith et al. and Whittaker et al., "collaborative community engagement efforts in border areas and regions of high population mobility" should be set. [4]

References

1DeSisto C, Broussard K, Escobedo M, Borntrager D, Alvarado-Ramy F, Waterman S. Border Lookout: Enhancing tuberculosis control on the United States-Mexico border. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015;93:747-51.
2Waterman SH, Escobedo M, Wilson T, Edelson PJ, Bethel JW, Fishbein DB. A new paradigm for quarantine and public health activities at land borders: Opportunities and challenges. Public Health Rep 2009;124:203-11.
3Kaewpitoon N, Loyd RA, Kaewpitoon SJ, Rujirakul R. Malaria risk areas in Thailand border. J Med Assoc Thai 2015;98(Suppl 4): S17-21.
4Smith C, Whittaker M. Beyond mobile populations: A critical review of the literature on malaria and population mobility and suggestions for future directions. Malar J 2014;13:307.