Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Home About us Ahead Of Print Instructions Submission Subscribe Advertise Contact e-Alerts Editorial Board Login 
Users Online:447
  Print this page  Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64-67

HIV-infected patients and dermatological manifestations in a tertiary care hospital in the tribal (Bastar) region of Chhattisgarh, India between January 2006 and June 2008


1 Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India
2 Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India
3 Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India
4 Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India
5 Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India

Correspondence Address:
Harminder Singh
Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.77188

Rights and Permissions

Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate the status of cutaneous manifestations in HIV-infected patients and its co-relationship with the CD4 cell count at a tertiary care centre at Bastar, Jagdalpur. Material and Methods: In this study, 137 HIV-positive subjects were enrolled. Information on demographics i.e. weight, height, socioeconomic status, age, educational status, sex, laboratory parameters (CD4 counts) and treatment regimens were noted, and patients were examined for skin disorders by a dermatologist. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test for categorical variables. Results: Majority of the patients resided in a rural area (65.69%), and belonged to low socioeconomic and educational status; 30.65% were housewives, 23.35% drivers and 16.78% laborers respectively. The predominant mode of transmission was heterosexual contact (94.16%). The most common HIV-related dermatological manifestations were seborrheic dermatitis (74.16%), xerosis (52.5%), generalized skin hyperpigmentation 56 (46.67%), onychomycosis 53 (44.16%), pruritic papular eruption 27 (22.5%), oral candidiasis 21 (17.5%), photo dermatitis 21 (17.5%) and scabies 4 (3.33%). Significant correlation with low CD4+ cell counts was found for oral candidiasis (P<0.0001) and Kaposi's sarcoma (P 0.03), while other disorders like seborrheic dermatitis (P 0.22), xerosis (P 0.25) and onychomycosis (P 0.08) were not statistically significant. Conclusion: This study showed a high prevalence of dermatological manifestations in HIV-infected subjects, and they occur more frequently with progression of HIV and decline in immune functions. So, early diagnosis and management of skin disorders can improve the quality of life of HIV-infected subjects.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2210    
    Printed150    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded9    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal