Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-28

A study on profile and risk factors of stroke in young adults (15-45 years) from coastal South India


Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
H N Harsha Kumar
Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Near Hampanakatta, Mangalore 575001, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.80517

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Background : Stroke among young adults (15-45 years) is an important problem worldwide. Most of the studies done in India are on ischemic stroke among young adults. There is paucity of information on all subtypes of strokes among young adults in India. So, this study was undertaken. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective, record-based study. Cases of stroke identified from hospital records starting form January 1998 to June 2008 were considered for the study. There were 109 cases between 15 and 45 years, the information about which were recorded in a pre-tested semi-structured proforma. Analysis: The data were analyzed using SPSS version 12. Chi-square was used. " P" value of <0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: Ischemic stroke was the most common (56%), followed by hemorrhagic (22.9%) and embolic (22.1%). Age (>31 years), males, smoking, and hypertension were found to have significant association. Role of diabetes and homocysteine requires further investigation. The numbers were not adequate to test association with lipid profiles.


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