Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-43

Orbital dirofilariasis

1 Department of Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Sevices, Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India
2 Department of Uvea and Ophthalmic Pathology (2), Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India
3 Department of Oculoplasty, Klinikum Nordstadt, Hannover, Germany
4 Department of Radiology, VRR Scan, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Bipasha Mukherjee
Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, 18, College Road, Chennai -600 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.92880

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Dirofilariasis is a zoonotic infestation with nematodes of the Dirofilaria species. Apart from pulmonary and cardiovascular manifestations; periocular, intraocular as well as orbital involvement have been described. Natural hosts to these parasites are domestic and wild carnivores like dogs, raccoons, foxes, and so on. Transmission occurs through a vector, namely Culex, Aedes or Anopheles mosquitoes. Humans can be accidental hosts and represent a dead end for the lifecycle of the worm. We present the case of a 61-year-old male patient in Tamil Nadu, India, presenting with orbital dirofilariasis, whose computerized tomography characteristics mimicked lymphoproliferative disease.

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