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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 188-191

Giant hydatid cysts of the lung: Analysis and surgical outcome of 67 cases


1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Dicle University Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey
2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical School, Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Microbiology, Children's Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Atalay Sahin
Dicle University Hospital, Thoracic Surgery, Kampus, Diyarbakir, 21280
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.116512

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Aims: We aimed to evaluate the results of surgical treatment of huge hydatid cysts diagnosed at our clinic. Ruptured cysts have caused severe complications. Perforation of very large cysts is always possible. These can result in fatal complications. We present our surgical experience with large hydatid cysts in this paper. Materials and Methods : We retrospectively reviewed 191 patients diagnosed as hydatid cysts who were treated surgically. Among these, 67 cases were studied with a dimension of 10 cm or more. Age, gender, symptom, ruptured or intact, dimension, quantity and radiologic findings of the cases were determined. Incipiency of complaint, postoperative morbidity and length of hospital stay for all cases were assessed. Results: The cases comprised 41 females and 26 males. The mean age was 20.20 ± 16.13 (5-52) years. Hospital stay for the huge and ruptured cysts group was 11.21 ± 4.04 days. The huge but unruptured cysts group had a hospital stay of 8.40 ± 2.48 days. All patients underwent thoracotomy. Cystotomy plus capitonnage in 52 (77.61%), decortication in addition to cystotomy plus capitonage in seven (10.6%), cystotomy in six (8.6%), cystotomy plus enucleation in one and primer closure in one were carried out. Postoperative mortality was absent; however, 17 cases were complicated; atelectasis was found in five cases, prolonged air leakage in five cases, apical aseptic pleural space in three cases, empyema in two cases, hemopthisis in one case and diaphragmatic elevation in one. Conclusions: Immediate surgery is of choice in giant cysts. Possibility of complication and longer stay in the ruptured group is higher compared with simple cystic disease.


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