Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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STUDENT SECTION
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 151-153

Bacterial capsule, colony morphology, functions, and its relation to virulence and diagnosis


Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Venkataramana Kandi
Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.162409

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Microorganisms possess many virulence factors that are usually decided by their genetic makeup. Not many virulence determinants of bacteria are phenotypically expressed. Capsule is one such bacterial organelle, which displays many functions that include adherence, resistance to immune clearance, protection against environmental factors, and many others including the typing of bacteria based on their specific capsular antigen and rapid diagnosis of capsulated bacterial infections using monoclonal/polyclonal anticapsular antibodies.


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