Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-36

Depression, mood change and self-esteem among adolescents aged 12-25 years with acne vulgaris in India


1 Final Year MBBS Student, Saveetha Young Medical Researchers Group (SYMRG), Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Saveetha University, Saveetha Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu; Student, Operations Research in Population Health, Foundation of Healthcare Technologies Society, New Delhi, India
2 Public Health Researcher, Department of Public Health, Foundation of Healthcare Technologies Society, New Delhi, India
3 Public Health Nutritionist, Department of Public Health Nutrition, Foundation of Healthcare Technologies Society, New Delhi, India
4 Associate Professor and Vice Principal, Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Saveetha University, Saveetha Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu; Research Affiliate, Department of Public Health, Foundation of Healthcare Technologies Society, New Delhi, India
5 Assistant Dean and Associate Professor, CUNY School of Public Health, New York, USA; Director, Department of Public Health, Foundation of Healthcare Technologies Society, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Surapaneni Krishna Mohan
Vice Principal and Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Saveetha University, Saveetha Nagar, Thandalam, Chennai - 602 105, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.168712

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Introduction: Acne vulgaris is a medical condition of serious concern among adolescents. This study was conducted with the aim to compare psychosocial factors such as depression, self-esteem, and social impairments between females who had acne vulgaris and those who did not have acne vulgaris. Materials and Methods: Fifty (50) female acne cases and 100 controls (hereafter nonacne participants) in the age group of 12-25 years who were seeking treatment at the Dermatology Outpatient Department (OPD) of Saveetha Medical College, were enrolled in the study. Information about sociodemographic profiles, disease management, and normative perception was gathered. Further assessment of self-esteem, cognitive and behavioral factors, and self-efficacy was done. Results: Seventy-four percent (74%) of the acne cases were overwhelmed by their skin condition, and this was found to be statistically significant (P < .0001). More than half (58%; P < .0001) of the acne cases experienced anger while thinking of their skin conditions. Half of the number of acne cases (52%) felt that people perceived them as being dirty due to their skin condition and that it hindered them from interacting with the opposite sex. Conclusion: Adolescent females who had acne reported difficulties in overcoming the emotional disturbances occurring due to acne vulgaris.


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