Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 627-631

Empirical use of anti-snake venom in the early morning neuroparalysis

Department of Pediatrics, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University, Krishna Hospital, Karad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Vinayak Y Kshirsagar
Department of Pediatrics, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University, Krishna Hospital, Karad - 415 110, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.140224

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Background: Snake bite is a common acute medical emergency, which can present with atypical symptoms in the pediatric age group. Objective: The objective of the present study is to determine the outcome of patients presenting in the early morning with acute onset of atypical symptoms, no history of snake bite or bite marks be considered as a snake bite and treat with anti-snake venom (ASV) and mechanical ventilation. Materials and Methods: The prospective interventional study conducted over a 6 year period between January 2006 and December 2012 at a Rural Health Center in Maharashtra. Results: Out of 41 patients, 28 (68%) were males and 13 (32%) were females with a mean age of 8.59 ± 3.23 and 8.46 ± 2.96 years, respectively. Patients presented between 12 midnight to 7 a.m. with the maximum presentation between 2 a.m. and 4 a.m. (54%). Patients presented with vague complaints such as abdominal pain (60.97%), unconsciousness (17.07%), vomiting (12.19%) and abnormal sensation over body (7.31%) and convulsion (2.43%). All patients were treated with 15 units of ASV and needed mechanical ventilation within 6 h of admission. Duration of ventilation ranged from 36 h to 168 h with and an average of 115 ± 34.753 h. Hospital stay varied from 5 days to 17 days with a mean of 10.892 ± 3.361 days. All patients responded to treatment and there was 1 (2.43%) death owing to the aspiration pneumonitis. Conclusion: Diagnosis of possible snake bite should strongly be considered when patient presents in the early morning with acute onset of atypical symptoms and without any underlying illness, especially krait bite. The study concludes that timely interventions with a bolus dose of ASV and ventilation can definitely save many lives.

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