Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 644-648

Impact assessment of IEC intervention on knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) of HIV/AIDS in Assam

Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences (SMIMS) and Central Referral Hospital (CRH), Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim, India

Correspondence Address:
Forhad Akhtar Zaman
Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences (SMIMS) and Central Referral Hospital (CRH), 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok - 737 102, Sikkim
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.140238

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Backgrounds: Recognized as an emerging disease only in the early 1980s, AIDS has rapidly established itself throughout the world, and is likely to endure and persist well into the 21 st century. India has the highest number of HIV-positive persons in the world. The geographical location of Assam adjoining high prevalence states like Manipur and Nagaland will probably make it a high-risk zone in the coming years if appropriate intervention measures are not taken adequately beforehand. Objective: To assess the impact of Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on HIV/AIDS among the slum dwellers of Dhubri town of Assam. Materials and Methods: A total of 492 slum dwellers aged 15-60 years were selected from all the slums of Dhubri by probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling method. The study was conducted in three stages. First, a baseline KAP survey on HIV/AIDS was done followed by IEC intervention. Then, just after the intervention, another survey was conducted, and after six months period, the final survey was conducted. Results: Eighty-seven percent of the study subjects were found to have heard about HIV/AIDS. Baseline knowledge regarding prevention of transmission of HIV/AIDS by having one faithful sex partner was there among 65% of the respondents, which increased amongst 82.2% of the respondents just after the intervention and amongst 68.5% of the respondents after six months period; similarly, knowledge of prevention by using condom increased from 70.7% to 80.3% and 76.3% of the respondents; using safe blood increased from 57.7% to 75.4% and 62.9% of the respondents. Conclusions: From the above findings, it can be suggested that, intervention programs were useful in enhancing the awareness regarding HIV/AIDS among the underprivileged population.

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