Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 171-176

Pattern and outcome of medical admissions in a Nigerian rural teaching hospital (2009-2012)

Department of Medicine, Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Oladimeji Adebayo
Department of Medicine, Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital, Okada, Edo State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.149500

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Background: Medical diseases vary depending on the locality and it reflects the pattern of medical admissions into a medical centre. We set out to collect, analyse, present the report of results from Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital to the wider scientific community on pattern and outcome of patients in medical wards in the hospital between January 2009 to December 2012. This we believe would reflect the relative pattern, trend of diseases burden and relative importance of diseases in the hospital locality. Methods: The study was a retrospective descriptive study where data of admission cases in both male and female medical wards were collected (from the admission register with occasional reference to some patients' case notes) and analysed. Results: A total of 1066 patients were admitted during the study period, Male patients constituted 52.5% while female were 47.5% (Male: Female ratio 1.11:1 , age range 14-99 years) while under 20 years, Under 30 years and Elderly constituted 30.1%, 59.3% and 12.5% respectively. Malaria, hypertension, Vaso-occlussive Crisis in Sickle Cell Diseases, Peptic Ulcer Disease, Gastroenteritis and Enteric Fever were the most common diseases admitted during the study period. Infectious and parasitic diseases was found to constitute the majority of diseases admitted. 81.2%, 4.6% and 1.6% of admitted patients were discharged, referred and died respectively. Discussions and Conclusion: The large proportion of patients in younger age groups was likely due to the university community that is located in the same town with the teaching hospital. Elderly patients accounted for 11.1% of total hospitalization similar to value gotten in another Teaching Hospital. The study showed essentially that Infectious diseases constituted the bulk of admission with malaria being the largest single disease. Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) were also prominent. Majority of the patients were discharged home with lesser outcome of referral, death and transfer etc.

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