Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1467-1473

Nursing staff retention: Effective factors

1 Department of Medical and Surgical, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Bahar Seifi
Tehran Medical Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khaghani St., Shariati Ave., Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_353_17

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Background: Nursing retention requires managers to focus on the retention of staff. Understanding the factors that influence the intent to stay of the staff is one of the strategies to keep nurses in the same work environment. Objective: The objective of this study is to find personal factors(physical, mental-emotional, social) and organizational factors(job stress, social support, and job satisfaction and organizational factors) that influence the nursing staff retention. Materials and Methods: Across-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study was carried out in Tehran, the capital city of Iran. Atotal of 500 newly graduated staff nurses completed the questionnaire. Inclusion criteria were the minimum of a master's degree in a nursing course. The research environments were 10 general hospitals. The data collection tool is a questionnaire including personal(physical, mental-emotional, social), job stress, social support, and job satisfaction and organizational factors. Results: The results show that job stress, social support, and job satisfaction and organizational satisfactions are an influence on retention. Attention to requesting shifts of staff(98.9%); insufficient of staff(63.9%); enjoying working with the supervisor(75.1%); and salary, reward, and benefit(90%) were mentioned as the effective factors on retention. Conclusion: New graduate nurses' turnover intentions are a recurring problem, which could be reduced by improving nurses' working conditions. Retention of nurses could be enhanced by creating supportive working environments to cut the susceptibility to the workplace and lower turnover intentions. The findings of the study support the claim that job satisfaction affects the staff nurses' intent to stay in the same workplace and that it could improve the quality of nursing cares.

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