|How to cite this article:
Gorsi U, Bhatia A, Singh T, Khandelwal N. Emphysematous gastritis with intrahepatic portal venous gas in aluminium phosphide intoxication: A rare radiological presentation. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2013;6:688
|How to cite this URL:
Gorsi U, Bhatia A, Singh T, Khandelwal N. Emphysematous gastritis with intrahepatic portal venous gas in aluminium phosphide intoxication: A rare radiological presentation. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Mar 4];6:688. Available from: https://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2013/6/6/688/140276
Aluminum phosphide (ALP) is used as a rodenticide, fumigant, and insecticide for stored cereal grains in many countries around the world. It is evidently poisonous and has been used for suicidal purposes also. ALP on exposure to moisture liberates phosphine gas, which spreads hematogenously and leads to multisystem toxicity. , The cytotoxic phosphine gas mainly affects the heart, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and kidneys, but can involve any organ in the body. 
In the Indian subcontinent also, ALP is considered a wide scale problem. , We hereby would like to share a case of ALP intoxication from this part of world with unusual radiological gastrointestinal complications. The index patient presented with severe abdominal pain following ALP intoxication. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) of abdomen showed intramural gas in the stomach wall suggestive of emphysematous gastritis with associated gas in the intrahepatic portal venous branches located predominantly along the periphery in a radial fashion. In addition, multiple hypodense lesions were also seen in the spleen suggestive of infarcts likely due to dissemination of air emboli in the portal circulation [Figure 1]. No definite air foci, however, were seen either in splenic artery or vein. The patient succumbed to death after few hours due to refractory shock. To best of our knowledge, these unusual and ominous radiological manifestations have not been demonstrated and described previously with ALP intoxication.
|Figure 1: Coronal (a and b) and axial (c) multiplanar reformatted (MPR) CECT images showing air dissecting within the thickened gastric wall (white arrows in a). Multiple intrahepatic air foci (black arrows in a and b) seen, arranged in a radial fashion predominantly along the periphery. Also noted are multiple hypodense areas in the spleen (white arrows in c).
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