Tooth extraction is the most common form of dental surgery, and it costs the global economy $260 billion each year. In addition to its financial impact, dental procedures also pose risks to the patient’s health. However, recent research shows that there is a growing demand for dental care in the developing world. In addition to dental insurance, rising incomes and improved oral hygiene practices have increased the need for dental care. Meanwhile, the widespread use of sugar substitutes and fluoridation of public water supplies have led to an increase in the number of procedures.
The primary cause of tooth extraction is periodontal disease, which affects the gums. In urban areas, dentists provide dental care for people with caries or periodontal disease. Despite the need for dental care, the separation between the two fields is a major burden on disadvantaged populations. Poorer people, persons of color, and formerly incarcerated individuals are particularly at risk of suffering from tooth decay. As a result, these groups often suffer from severe pain and may need extraction of teeth.
In addition to a reduction in the number of dental extractions, improved oral hygiene is also a primary factor in reducing the need for dental care. Many countries have implemented measures to reduce the need for extractions. In the United States, a new federal law requires dentists to provide care to people with chronic conditions. Tooth extraction policies may be able to reduce these costs. However, they should also be made universal for all Americans.