Abstract: Eosinophilic enteritis is an uncommon disease characterized by eosinophilic infiltration involving any layer of the bowel wall. It can affect any area of gastrointestinal tract although stomach and small intestine are sites most frequently involved. It is important to recognize this disease and institute the necessary treatment at the earliest in order to avoid its complications. We present a case where the patient presented with features of subacute intestinal obstruction due to distal ileal strictures and enteroliths. Histopathologic examination of the resected specimen revealed characteristic features of eosinophilic enteritis.
Several recent reports have described cases of eosinophilic enteritis in the intestine. One case report describes a 32-year-old male who presented with abdominal pain, high colored urine, and a tachycardia. He underwent an exploratory laparotomy to determine the cause of his discomfort. During the procedure, a perforation of the ileum was discovered, as well as a fibrosed caecum. In addition, he underwent an ileotransverse bypass with closure of the ileal perforation. He recovered from the operation without any complications.
In addition to causing abdominal pain, eosinophilic enteritis is often misdiagnosed. Patients may also have symptoms of abdominal tuberculosis, weight loss, and recurrent episodes of subacute intestinal obstruction and ascites. A CT scan is the most reliable way to confirm the diagnosis of eosinophilic enteritus. If you develop these symptoms, you should immediately visit a doctor.
Surgical treatment for eosinophilic enteritis involves surgery and resection of affected areas. If eosinophils are present in the small bowel, the disease will progress and require hospitalization. Further investigations may be necessary to rule out other causes of eosinophilic gastroenteritis. If the patient has an eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder, a biopsy is indicated.
In the past, patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis have had abdominal pain, anaemia, delayed puberty, and anemia. Symptoms can vary in severity, but common features include anaemia, and intestinal pain. Further tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. During the diagnosis, the patient should be evaluated by a physician. It is important to note that eosinophilic gastroenteric inflammatory bowel disease requires extensive biopsy.
The diagnosis of eosinophilic gastroenteritis is not always clear, but clinical symptoms can be a good indicator. The symptoms of eosinophilic enteritis are often severe and require urgent medical attention. Various treatment options have been developed over the years. The most common are oral corticosteroids, sodium cromoglycate, and vitamin A. Some patients may have a sensitivity to certain types of corticosteroids.
A history of atopic or food allergy is common among eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders. Anaphylactic reactions are often triggered by food, and eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract may result in an allergic response. A number of patients develop abdominal pain and a loss of weight. Some other symptoms can be a chronic or recurrent infection.
Antitubercular drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, and antibiotics may be prescribed. EC is a rare condition and can be life-threatening. However, antibiotics are not the most effective treatment for eosinophilic bowel disease. The primary goal of antibiotic therapy is to prevent the inflammation associated with the eosinophilic gastrointestinal tract and eosinophilic esophagitis.