The CDC and the World Health Organization recommend abstinence from sexual activity during pregnancy and the use of condoms during all sexual activities. Vaccines and antiviral drugs have not yet been developed for Zika, and there are no effective treatments. This review will discuss the history and epidemiology of the disease, as well as the available diagnostic tests. To prevent the onset of congenital diseases, pregnant women and menopausal women should wait at least 12 weeks before conceiving.
One method to prevent a pregnancy from being infected with Zika virus is to avoid mosquito breeding areas. Standing water is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. This can be found in flower pots, animal dishes, and even used automobile tires. Emptying these areas of standing water will reduce the population of mosquitoes and other disease-causing organisms. The researchers are also investigating the frequency of miscarriage and stillbirth, two of the most common complications associated with Zika.
To prevent a pregnancy from being affected by Zika, women should avoid travel to countries or regions that are at risk for the disease. If pregnant, women should consult their health providers and discuss ways to protect themselves. They should consider barrier methods of birth control, such as an implantable contraceptive device. This will prevent sperm from reaching the egg. Additionally, they should try to avoid oral sex, such as using a dental dam.
While a case report provided evidence of microcephaly in association with ZIKV infection, the case report also showed that a 25-year-old European woman who lived in Brazil was infected with the virus. Fetal ultrasounds showed normal results at 14 and 20 weeks, but showed severe microcephaly by 32 weeks of gestation. An autopsy performed at the time of delivery revealed the fetus to have been infected with Zika virus. The ZIKV RNA that remained in the fetal brain was 99.7% similar to the ZIKV strain isolated during the 2013 outbreak in French Polynesia.
The increase in ZIKV infection cases has prompted a significant increase in the incidence of the disease. It is important to understand the mechanisms of Zika virus transmission and the effects of this condition on pregnant women. This research will provide new diagnostic tools and develop novel therapies to prevent birth defects. This research will also provide information on the genetics of the virus. In addition, a vaccine for the disease will be developed soon. This infection is associated with several complications.
Infected mosquitoes carry Zika virus. These mosquitoes breed in areas with standing water. The Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti are two species of mosquitoes that live in tropical areas. During the day, they are active and lay their eggs near standing water. While the mosquitoes are most often present in tropical areas, some are not. These insects are often found in places with standing water.
A case report published in January 2017 showed evidence of microcephaly in a woman with ZIKV infection. The woman had been pregnant for over 10 years and had four children. Her first child was born with severe brain damage and had a low birth weight. The disease is transmitted through the semen and is fatal in the unborn child. Although there are no signs of this virus in the mother, the infection is dangerous for the fetus.
Infected mothers should consult a doctor for the diagnosis of Zika. There are no specific symptoms associated with ZIKV infection. The condition is associated with a high incidence of congenital central nervous system malformations in fetuses and can cause loss of the baby. While there are no vaccines against this disease, it is essential to have a good understanding of the virus and the mechanisms of transmission.
Another risk is the spread of the Zika virus to the unborn child. It is usually passed through the umbilical cord during pregnancy. Infected infants can also be infected while infected. Infected males can transmit the virus to their unborn child by semen, which contains sperm and is the fertilized egg. Infected women can pass the infection through vaginal fluids or blood during menstrual periods.