Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1714-1719

The factors associated with childbearing intentions in Iranian female University students

1 Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Nourossadat Kariman
Research Center for Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Vali-Asr Avenue, Cross of Vali-Asr and Neiaiesh Highway, Opposite to Rajaee Heart Hospital, P.O. Box: 1996835119, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_609_17

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Background: Population and its dimensions are considered the focal point of any social system and the present study seeks to determine the factors associated with childbearing intentions in female students. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study randomly examined 294female students of Shahid Beheshti University(SBU) and Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences(SBUMS) in Tehran. Data were collected using a Demographic Questionnaire, the Factors Associated with Childbearing Intentions Questionnaire, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support Questionnaire. The relationship of childbearing intentions was assessed with marital age, duration of marriage, ideal number of children, and ideal birth spacing. Results: Of the factors examined, marriage age had the highest correlation with childbearing intentions(P<0.001, r=0.959). After eliminating the statistically insignificant paths, the spouse's role(β =0.325), personal factors(β = −0.100), and family factors(β = −0.072) were found to have a direct effect on childbearing intentions. The variables of age(β = −0.007), educational stage(β = −0.007), family factors(β = −0.013), beliefs(β =0.002), spouse's role(β = −0.033), and financial status(β = 0.015) were found to have indirect effects. Conclusions: Many factors are involved in childbearing intentions, including personal factors, family factors, spouse's role, perceived social support, social support, beliefs, and financial factors. Health teams and policymakers should adopt strategies that can aid the socioeconomic status and family conditions of university students and enable them to have their desired number of children at the most appropriate timing.

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