Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-42

Human immunodeficiency virus from the surgeons' viewpoint

Department of Surgery, IPGME and R, SSKM Hospital, Kolkata - 20, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Prosanta K R Bhattacharjee
Flat no 10-C, 9-Mandeville Gardens, Kolkata - 19, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.43078

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Though surgeons are not primarily responsible for the treatment of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the disease influences the performance and outcome of surgery. Surgeons may be called upon to operate for the diagnosis of an infection, for an unrelated condition, or for one of the surgical complications of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This article reviews in brief the etiology, pathogenesis, and natural history of HIV and AIDS, the signs and symptoms which may help in recognizing HIV disease especially in emergency situations, the clinical presentations from a surgical point of view and their management, controversial issues related to the management of AIDS patients, and finally the guidelines for the precautions to be taken to reduce the potential risk of transmission of infection from patient to a health care workers and the postexposure prophylaxis. Methods: Literature review was conducted by the way of relevant English articles obtained from National Library of Medicine's Pubmed database with the key words as mentioned below. Additional articles were obtained from the reference lists of key articles and recent reviews.

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