Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-18

Varied presentations of idiopathic abdominal echinococossis: Two cases with literature review

Department of Surgery, M.Y. Hospital and M.G.M Medical College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh - 452 001, India

Correspondence Address:
Gaurav Aggarwal
Department of Surgery, M.Y. Hospital and M.G.M Medical College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh - 452 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.76178

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Hydatid disease or echinococcosis is an endemic disease in cattle grazing and developing areas, particularly Australia, New-Zealand, Middle East, India, Africa, South America, and Turkey. It is a parasitic infection caused by the cestode Echinoccocus granulosus. Dogs are definitive hosts, and adult worms are found in their small intestine. Humans, the accidental intermediate hosts, get infected either by contact with the definitive host or by consuming vegetables and water contaminated with the hydatid ova. In humans, the hydatid disease commonly involves the liver (75%) and the lungs (15%). Despite the abdomen bearing the brunt of this disease entity, it is an extreme rarity to encounter its multivariate presentation in two pure vegetarian, non-sheep rearing, and economically sound individuals, from an urban area. We report two such cases who presented to us in the Emergency Department, within a short span of each other (one week), along with the relevant literature review.

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