Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 119-123

Prevalence of non-albican candida infection in Maharashtrian women with leucorrhea


1 Department of Microbiology, Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Miraj, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Seema M Bankar
Department of Microbiology, Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.95967

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Background: Candida is the most common agent causing leucorrhea affecting the women of all strata. It is becoming difficult to completely eradicate the infection mainly due to recurrence caused by non-albican species of Candida. Most of the non-albican species of Candida are resistant to commonly used antifungal agent - azole. Therefore, studying the prevalence of Candida species in vaginal secretion is of great significance. Objective: To study the prevalence of different species of Candida and the efficiency of different Candida detection methods in women from low socio-economic setup of Miraj and Sangli, Maharashtra, India. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 150 patients with specific complaints of leucorrhea. In the control group, 50 asymptomatic women were included for comparison. Results: In 33% of the women the leucorrhea was due to Candida infection with highest incidence in women of sexually active age (20-40 years). Sabouraud's culture was the most efficient method (100% efficiency) to detect the Candida compared to wet mount, KOH and gram stain method. Candida albicans was the most common strain identified and Candida krusei was the least common one. Conclusion: Candida infection is the commonest reason for leucorrhea and non-albican candida species significantly contribute to candidiasis in women of Miraj and Sangli.


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