Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 195-198

Study of some epidemological aspects of Malaria in a tribal district (Nandurbar), Maharashtra


1 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Health and Family Welfare, Regional Office of Health and Family Welfare, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sandip B Patil
Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Aurangabad-431 001, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.98617

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Background : Ten percent of the total population of the State of Maharashtra belongs to tribal population groups. These groups remain isolated, living in remote forest and hilly areas far from civilization. Nandurbar district has been a newly carved tribal district (July 1998). Objective : To find out the prevalence of various type of malaria and to see the correlation between rainfall and incidence of malaria cases. Materials and Methods : It was a retrospective, cross sectional study carried out during 1999 to 2004. The reports from the years, 1999 to 2004, were taken from district health office and district malaria office, respectively. Results : There were total 5228 cases of malaria; out of these, 3237 were Plasmodium vivax (PV) cases, and 2001 were Plasmodium falciparum (PF) malarial cases, during the years, 1999 to 2004. In the years, 1999 to 2002, percentage of PV malaria was more than PF malaria. Majority of PV malaria cases was observed in the year 1999. In the year 2004, the PV malaria started showing an upward trend in Nandurbar district, Maximum numbers of cases were reported in rainy season as compared to winter and summer seasons. It was observed that the PF cases were increased during the months of July to October, every year. It was also observed that as rain fall increases, the number of malaria cases also increases. Conclusion : There is an upward trend of malarial cases in the tribal block. Incidence of malarial cases closely correlates with the rainfall.


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