Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 383-386

Osteomyelitis of the mandible leading to pathological fracture in a tuberculosis patient: A case report and review of literature


Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MGV'S KBH Dental College and Hospital, Panchavati, Nashik, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajeev M Gadgil
101, Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, M.G.V.'s K.B.H. Dental College and Hospital, Panchavati, Nashik-422003, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.102071

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Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory condition of the bone, beginning in the medullary cavity and haversian systems and extending to involve the periosteum of the affected area. Although other etiological factors, such as traumatic injuries, radiation, and certain chemical substances, among others, may also produce inflammation of the medullary space, the term "osteomyelitis" is mostly used in the medical literature to describe a true infection of the bone induced by pyogenic microorganisms. Tuberculous osteomyelitis is an uncommon disease entity. Here, we present a case of osteomyelitis of mandible leading to pathological fracture of mandible, in which pulmonary tuberculosis involvement was detected only subsequently. The oral physicians thus play a crucial role in recognizing high-risk patients and initiating prompt isolation and evaluation.


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