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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-22

Investigation of Oxyuris (Enterobios vermicularis) prevalence in kindergarten and primary school children of Babol city, Mazandaran, Iran 2009


1 Department of Medical Parasitology, Babol Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
2 Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Reza Youssefi
Department of Parasitology, Islamic Azad University, Babol-Branch
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.115171

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Background: Pinworm or Oxyuris (Order: Nematoda) is the most common nematode parasite in humans. One of the most frequent parasitic diseases in kindergartens, school-going children, and in places where many people live together is Oxyuriasis or Enterobiosis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Oxyuris contamination among kindergarten and primary school students of Babol city, Mazandaran province, Iran. Materials and Methods: During this study, which was done on 702 students, first in an explaining meeting with students' parents, they got to know this disease and its importance in public health. Then correct method of sampling was taught to them, a scotch test tape with two slides and questionnaire requesting personal information, including age, gender, and location of residence were given to them. Results: This study was done on 702 students of Babol kindergarten and primary schools. Among them 352 (50.1%) were boys and 350 (49.9%) were girls. All of the studied children were in the age group of 4-7 years. According to location of residence, 313 (44.6%) were in urban areas and 389 (55.6%) were in rural areas. From total 702 investigated children, 234 (33.33%) were positive and were infected by pinworm, including 101 (43.16%) boys and 133 (56.84%) girls. Discussion: The distribution of these infections depends on principles and standards of hygiene in society, economic conditions of the society, and climatic conditions of the area. Conclusion: Considering the data obtained from this study, because oxyuriasis infection rate in kindergartens and primary school children of Babol was high, it is suggested that oxyuriasis be described in parent-teacher meetings to increase knowledge of the involved families.


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