Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 80-83

Knowledge and practice of barbers regarding transmission of blood-borne viruses in Khartoum state

1 Endoscopy unit, Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Endoscopy unit, Soba University Hospital; Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Hatim Mohamed Yousif Mudawi
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Po box 2245, Khartoum
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.115201

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Background : Blood-borne viruses constitute a major public health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. One mode of transmission of these viruses is use of contaminated razors and blades by barbers. The aims of this study were to assess the awareness of shop barbers and roadside barbers in Khartoum state regarding knowledge and modes of transmission of Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus and Human immunodeficiency virus and to observe their practice regarding proper use and disposal of razors and blades. Design and Setting : This is a cross-sectional comparative community-based study carried out in Khartoum state, Sudan. Materials and Methods : The study included two groups of barbers-shop barbers and roadside barbers. Barbers were questioned on their level of education, basic knowledge and modes of transmission of HBV, HCV and HIV, their knowledge about HBV vaccine and their vaccination status. Statistical Analysis: Was done using SPSS software program to calculate frequencies, X 2 and t-tests. P value was taken at a significant level of <0.05. Results: Barbers in both groups had good basic knowledge about HIV infection and its modes of transmission, while in both groups knowledge about hepatitis and its modes of transmission were poor. In both groups standard cleaning and sterilization of equipment procedures were not followed and special sharps' disposal containers were not used. Conclusion: Practice in both groups may lead to spread of HIV, HBV and HCV between customers. The public media should spend more effort on spreading information and knowledge about hepatitis as it does with HIV. Local authorities should distribute leaflets with detailed information on proper modes of cleaning and sterilization of equipment and of disposal of used blades to all those seeking to open a barber's shop and roadside barbers should be encouraged to use disposable razor blades on customers as they lack proper water supply and sterilization equipment.

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