Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 664-667

An unusual case report showing combination of melanotic oral pigmentation and nonspecific ulcer in human immunodeficiency virus positive patient


1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Dental College and Hospital, Pune, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Dental College and Hospital, Pune, India
3 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Medicine and Radiology, Vidyashikshan Prasarak Mandals (VSPM) Dental College and Hospital, Digdoh Hills, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Mayur Chaudhary
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Dental College and Hospital, Pune - 411 043, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.140250

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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has caused a severe degree of morbidity and mortality amongst the individuals worldwide. Those affected usually belong to low socioeconomic status especially from developing countries like India. There are numerous diagnostic criteria and thousands of tests to detect HIV positivity. One such criterion is European Commission Clearinghouse, wherein HIV positivity may be detected by thorough clinical observation of the oral cavity. This criterion is being followed worldwide and has been proven to be effective for dental professionals and general physicians, as it is stated that these oral lesions precede the other lesions of HIV positivity. We report one such case of unusual combination of melanotic hyperpigmentation and nonspecific ulcer in an adult patient, where HIV positivity was confirmed later by Western blot. To our knowledge, none such case has been reported in literature previously.


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