Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Home About us Ahead Of Print Instructions Submission Subscribe Advertise Contact e-Alerts Editorial Board Login 
Users Online:1613
  Print this page  Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 


 
Table of Contents   
LETTER TO THE EDITOR  
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 43-44
Chikungunya virus and risk to transfusion


1 Medical Center, Sanitation Medical Academic Center, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Departments of Tropical Medicine, Hainan Medical University, Hainan, China; University of Nis, Nis, Serbia; Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Osun State, Nigeria; Surin Rajabhat University, Surin, Thailand; Dr. DY Patil Medical University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Web Publication19-May-2015
 

How to cite this article:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Chikungunya virus and risk to transfusion. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2015;8:43-4

How to cite this URL:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Chikungunya virus and risk to transfusion. Ann Trop Med Public Health [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Oct 17];8:43-4. Available from: http://www.atmph.org/text.asp?2015/8/2/43/157299
Dear Sir,

The topic "Chikungunya virus and risk to transfusion" is very interesting. [1] It is no doubt that chikungunya virus can be transmitted via blood transfusion. [2] In the past, chikungunya virus infection was prevalent but confined to the tropical zone. However, the present trend shows the movement of the virus into the Western Hemisphere. [3] Nevertheless, the important concern is whether there is a risk of blood transfusion-associated chikungunya fever and the places where it is necessary to implement blood screening for chikungunya virus. Based on the recent report from Thailand, an endemic region for chikungunya virus, it is concluded that donor screening can be useful during an epidemic. [4] However, this report cannot imply its usefulness in the normal nonepidemic situation. In fact, the patients with chikungunya virus infection usually have acute febrile illness and this can be easily excluded from blood donation. Appassakij et al. reported that the problem of asymptomatic chikungunya could be seen and it should be focused on since the viremia can be determined in the blood of the cases with asymptomatic chikungunya. [5] Nevertheless, it is not proved whether the detected viremia further causes the infection in the blood of the recipient or not. Also, if the level of viremia in asymptomatic chikungunya infection causes no problem, it should cause no problem to the recipient. It seems that screening is not the answer to the problem. In endemic areas such as Southeast Asia, there is still no routine screening for chikungunya virus in blood banks. The use of pathogen reduction technology, which covers chikungunya virus, can manage the problem cost-effectively. [6]

 
   References Top

1.
Petersen LR, Epstein JS. Chikungunya virus: New risk to transfusion safety in the Americas. Transfusion 2014;54:1911-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Leydold SM, Farcet MR, Kindermann J, Modrof J, Pölsler G, Berting A, et al. Chikungunya virus and the safety of plasma products. Transfusion 2012;52:2122-30.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Nasci RS. Movement of chikungunya virus into the Western hemisphere. Emerg Infect Dis 2014;20:1394-5.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Appassakij H, Promwong C, Rujirojindakul P, Wutthanarungsan R, Silpapojakul K. The risk of blood transfusion-associated Chikungunya fever during the 2009 epidemic in Songkhla Province, Thailand. Transfusion 2014;54:1945-52.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Appassakij H, Khuntikij P, Kemapunmanus M, Wutthanarungsan R, Silpapojakul K. Viremic profiles in asymptomatic and symptomatic chikungunya fever: A blood transfusion threat? Transfusion 2013;53:2567-74.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Custer B, Agapova M, Martinez RH. The cost-effectiveness of pathogen reduction technology as assessed using a multiple risk reduction model. Transfusion 2010;50:2461-73.  Back to cited text no. 6
    

Top
Correspondence Address:
Beuy Joob
Sanitation Medical Academic Center, Bangkok
Thailand
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.157299

Rights and Permissions




 

Top
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *


    References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed757    
    Printed17    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded13    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal