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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 226-234

Correlates of individual-level stigma and unsafe abortions among women seeking abortion care in Trans Nzoia and Machakos Counties, Kenya


1 Institute of Tropical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Jomo tta University of Agriculture and Technology; Research and Evaluation Unit, Ipas Africa Alliance, Nairobi, Kenya
2 School of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Jomo tta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
3 Center for Public Health Research, Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
4 Reproductive and Child Health Unit, Amref Health Africa Headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya

Correspondence Address:
Erick Kiprotich Yegon
Institute of Tropical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, P. O. Box 62000-00200, Nairobi
Kenya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.184787

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Objectives: To compare the levels of abortion stigma in regions with high and low incidence of unsafe abortion in Kenya to explore whether abortion-related stigma is associated with incidence of unsafe abortion. Study Design: A cross-sectional survey of 759 women receiving abortion services in private and public health facilities in two counties located in regions with high and low incidence of unsafe abortion regions of Kenya. Results: Of the total respondents, 424 sought postabortion care (PAC), whereas 335 sought induced abortion. Factor analysis revealed a four-factor model for examining individual-level stigma related to seeking an abortion. The mean of stigma scores for women in a Trans Nzoia was higher than in Machakos. (49.82 compared to 47.58, P< 0.001). In the combined sample, respondents seeking PAC reported higher stigma scores compared to those seeking induced abortion. For the overall scale and subscales, stigma reduced with increases in the age of respondents (b = −7.7, P< 0.001 for 25–34 years and b = −4.6, P< 0.001 for 35–49 years). Regression analysis showed that stigma decreased in the county with low incidence of unsafe abortion on interaction between with type of abortion service. Conclusions: Respondents from a county with higher incidence of unsafe abortion reported higher stigma scores compared to those from a county with lower incidence of unsafe abortion. Age, marital status, type of abortion service, and socioeconomic status of respondents were all significantly associated with stigmatizing attitudes across the stigma scale's subscales. Young unmarried women, women who received PAC low socioeconomic background, and married women reported higher stigma scores.


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