Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 235-240

Predictors and factors related to the uptake of cervical cancer screening test among female secondary school teachers in Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria


1 Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Tade Adesoji Emmanuel
Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.184788

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Background: Cervical cancer is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality among Nigerian women. Early detection by screening has proved to be an effective preventive measure. Knowing the factors that determine and predict uptake helps to determine where more efforts need to be put to achieve better uptake of the screening test. Aim and Objective: To determine the predictors and factors related to the uptake of cervical cancer screening test among female secondary school teachers in Sagamu. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 256 secondary school teachers in Sagamu Local Government Area of Ogun State. Data were collected using semi-structured, self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS version 21. Chi-square test was used to determine factors related to the uptake of the screening test while logistic regression was done to predict which group was less likely to be screened. Results: Uptake of screening test was 17.6%. One hundred and sixty-nine (66%) respondents were willing to be screened. The most common reason for not willing to be screened was the belief of not been at risk of the disease. About 84% of the respondents had a positive attitude toward cervical cancer screening, with a mean score of 7.8 ± 1.5 while only 23.4% had good knowledge with a mean score of 7.6 ± 3.6. Teachers with lower knowledge and attitude scores who had one sexual partner were less likely to be screened. Conclusion: Adequate knowledge needs to be passed across to teachers to improve uptake of cervical cancer screening.


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