Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 129-133

Epidemiological study of hardiness profile of blind people

Professor, Community Medicine, MIMER Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sanjeev Vasantrao Chincholikar
Professor, Community Medicine, MIMER Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.196522

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Objective: To study the risk factors in psychosocial profile of blind people undergoing vocational training. using a screening test ,Personality based hardiness index and suggest recommendations if any. Study design: Cross sectional study. Participants: Blind people. Study Variables: Sex, socioeconomic status, literacy, psychiatric morbidity. Statistical analysis: Fishers Exact test, χ2 test. Results: Recently introduced technique of Personality based hardiness index was tested for its utility for screening of blind persons to detect possible psychological maladjustments and hardiness. Analysis of results of Personality based hardiness index revealed that 9% subjects were non hardy. Most of the non hardy subjects were
  1. males 13% as compared to females 3%
  2. belonging to lower socioeconomic class (100%)
  3. illiterates 34.3% as compared to literates 2%
  4. residing in rural area (12.7%) as compared to person in urban area (0%)
The overall results of the above detailed tests brought some salient risk factors that can be strongly associated with psychosocial maladjustments and hardiness in the handicapped persons. These risk factors are Lower socioeconomic class, Rural residence, Illiteracy, Sex These risk factors that emerged out of the statistical analysis of the data can be immensely useful in the planning stages of rehabilitation.

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