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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 149-153

Ocular morbidity among school children in Uttarakhand: Himalayan state of India


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Dr RPG Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttrakhand, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttrakhand, India
4 Department of Ophthalmology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amit Maitreya
MS, Associate Professor and Pediatric Ophthalmologist, Department of Ophthalmology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Jolly Grant, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.196823

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Background: This study may be a foundation pillar for future planning of school eye screening programs in Uttarakhand: Himalayan State of India as there is very little, if any, data is available till now. Aims: This study was done to know the prevalence and pattern of various causes of ocular morbidity among school children in Uttarakhand, India. Settings and design: A cross sectional multistage randomized study was done on school children between 5 -16 years of age in Doiwala block of Dehradun-capital of Uttarakhand, India. Material and Methods: School children were taken up for ophthalmological examination. Any child with subnormal vision or abnormal ocular finding was further evaluated in a tertiary care hospital. Statistical Analysis: Results were expressed in percentage and ratio. Chi-square test (with Yates correction whenever needed) was used for analysis of data. Ninety five percent CI was also calculated. The data with p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Out of 5918 children, the prevalence of ocular morbidity was 4.92% (291 children). The most common causes of ocular morbidity were refractive error in 164 (2.77%) children, convergence weakness in 32 (0.54%), strabismus in 24 (0.40%) and conjunctivitis in 23 (0.38%) children. Ocular morbidity was more in children of age group 5 – 10 years in comparison to age group 11-16 years(P = 0.002). Conclusions: Refractive error was the commonest cause of ocular morbidity affecting school going children in Uttarakhand, India. The prevalence of ocular morbidity decreased with increasing age of child.


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