Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 377-383

Community knowledge and attitude towards Japanese encephalitis in Darrang, India: a cross-sectional study

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Swan Neelu Angel's Hospital, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
5 Department of Medical lab & Molecular Diagnostic Technology, Mangaldai college, Mangaldai, Assam, India
6 Institutional Level Biotech Hub, Dakshin Kamrup College, Mirza, Assam, India
7 Department of Chemistry, Mangaldai College, Mangaldai, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Shazia Qasim Jamshed
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan Campus, Pahang
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1755-6783.208726

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Background: The prevalence of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in Assam was exceptional in a global context in the year 2014. Darrang district is amongst the most affected districts that is hit by deadly JE virus in Assam. Therefore, we conducted this study to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of the residents regarding JE at Darrang. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed for the period of 3 months from November 2014 to January 2015 in Darrang. Multistage stage sampling was done to select participants from the district. A pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the participants. Descriptive analysis and logistic regression tests were used to analyze the data. Results: A total of 396 participants responded to the questionnaire, thus giving the response rate of 51.5%. One-fourth of the participants exhibited a good knowledge of JE (24.7%). The majority of the participants incorrectly answered the questions relating to management (83.3%) and prevention of JE (66.7%). Further, tertiary education and JE patient in family/relative were significantly associated with the knowledge of the participants (P < 0.001). A large proportion of the respondents exhibited positive attitudes towards JE (96.5%). Television was the major source of information of the participants regarding JE (29.2%). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a lack of knowledge regarding JE among the residents of Darrang. However, their attitudes towards JE were generally positive. Further studies on this topic need to be conducted throughout the state of Assam to identify and subsequently bridge the knowledge gaps among its residents.

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