Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 897-903

Application of health belief model to survey determinants of osteoporosis–related preventive behaviors among Iranian adolescents


1 Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
M Rafie
Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tabnak Ave., Daneshjou Blvd., Velenjak, P. O. Box 19835-35511, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ATMPH.ATMPH_244_17

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Background: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by the reduction of bone mass, deterioration of bone structure, increasing bone fragility, and increasing fracture risk. Most important modifiable factors of osteoporosis are receiving inadequate calcium intake and physical activity. The purpose of this study was application of health belief model (HBM) to survey determinants of osteoporosis-related preventive behaviors among Ahwaz city students 2016. Materials and Methods: The current research is descriptive-analytical study. Four hundred and twenty high school students in Ahvaz city participated in this study. Samples selected by multistage sampling overall of 8 schools. Data collected using a standard questionnaire based on HBM and food frequency questionnaire and physical activity questionnaires. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 21 developed by IMD corporation, London, UK. Results: Findings present study showed there were not significant differences between no one of structures HBM and preventive behaviors of osteoporosis (calcium intake and physical activity) in students using Pearson correlations. Conclusion: In present study, HBM structures were not unable to predict preventive behaviors of osteoporosis in students.


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